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Cryotherapy for Prostate Cancer
Cryotherapy for Prostate Cancer What is cryotherapy for prostate cancer? The prostate gland is found only in males. It sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body. The prostate helps make semen. Cryotherapy involves freezing the cancer cells and cutting off their blood supply. Tiny needles are placed right into the tumor. Argon gases are passed through the needles and exchanged with helium gases. This causes a freezing and warming cycle. The frozen, d...
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) What is a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)? The prostate gland is found only in males. It sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body. The prostate helps produce semen. A transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is surgery to remove parts of the prostate gland through the penis. No incisions are needed. The surgeon reaches the prostate by putting an instrument into the end of the penis...
Radical Prostatectomy (RP)
Radical Prostatectomy (RP) What is a radical prostatectomy? Radical prostatectomy is surgery to remove the prostate gland. During the procedure, the seminal vesicles, nearby tissues, and often some pelvic lymph nodes are also removed. The prostate gland is found only in males. It sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body). The prostate helps make semen. The seminal vesicles are the 2 sacs that connect to the vas deferens (tubes that carry sperm from...
Breast MRI What is breast MRI? Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a test that creates detailed images of organs, bones, and other structures inside your body. An MRI uses large magnets and a computer to make the images. It does not use radiation. An MRI scanner is a large machine with a tunnel. You lie on a table that slides in and out of the tunnel. For a breast MRI, a woman lies face down with her breasts positioned through holes in a table. A breast MRI is often done with contrast dye. It’s injected...
Sleep Study What is a sleep study? The stages of sleep range from light to deep. Each stage has characteristics that can be measured. A sleep study is a number of tests done at the same time during sleep. The tests measure specific sleep characteristics and help to diagnose sleep disorders. A sleep study may also be called polysomnogram. The basic recordings done during a sleep study may include: Electroencephalography (EEG) . This measures brain wave activity. Electrooculogram (EOG). This measures eye ...
24-Hour Urine Collection
24-Hour Urine Collection What is a 24-hour urine collection? A 24-hour urine collection is a simple lab test that measures what’s in your urine. The test is used to check kidney function. A 24-hour urine collection is done by collecting your urine in a special container(s) over a full 24-hour period. The container(s) must be kept cool until the urine is returned to the lab. Urine is made up of water and dissolved chemicals, such as sodium and potassium. It also contains urea, which is made when protein ...
Fetal Ultrasound What is fetal ultrasound? Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy. It creates an image of the baby in the mother's womb (uterus). It’s a safe way to check the health of an unborn baby. During a fetal ultrasound, the baby’s heart, head, and spine are evaluated, along with other parts of the baby. The test may be done either on the mother’s abdomen (transabdominal) or in the vagina (transvaginal). There are several types of fetal ultrasound: Standard ultrasound. The test uses sou...
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillaltor (ICD) Insertion
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillaltor (ICD) Insertion What is an implantable cardioverter defibrillator? An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is a small electronic device used to continuously monitor and help regulate potentially fast and life-threatening electrical problems with the heart. The ICD, about the size of a stopwatch, is implanted under the skin just below the collarbone. It consists of a pulse generator and wires, called leads. The pulse generator contains the battery and a tin...
Gamma Knife Radiosurgery
Gamma Knife Radiosurgery What is Gamma Knife radiosurgery? Gamma Knife radiosurgery is a type of radiotherapy treatment. It’s also called stereotactic radiosurgery. Even though it’s called surgery, a Gamma Knife procedure does not use surgery. It also isn’t a knife. Gamma Knife uses very precise beams of gamma rays to treat an area of disease (lesion) or growth (tumor). It’s most often used in the brain. The beams of gamma radiation send a very intense dose of radiation to a small area without a need to...
Endovascular Coiling What is endovascular coiling? Doctors use endovascular coiling, also called endovascular embolization, to block blood flow into an aneurysm. An aneurysm is a weakened area in the wall of an artery. If an aneurysm ruptures, it can cause life-threatening bleeding and brain damage. Preventing blood flow into an aneurysm helps to keep it from rupturing. ACardio_20140304_v0_001 For endovascular coiling, doctors use a catheter, a long, thin tube inserted into a groin artery. The catheter ...
Craniotomy What is a craniotomy? A craniotomy is the surgical removal of part of the bone from the skull to expose the brain for surgery. The surgeon uses specialized tools to remove the section of bone (thebone flap ) . After the brain surgery, the surgeon replaces the bone flap. ANerv_20140304_v0_002 For some craniotomy procedures, doctors use computers and imaging (magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computerized tomography [CT] scans). Imaging scans help guide the doctor to the precise location with...
Uterine Artery Embolization
Uterine Artery Embolization What is uterine artery embolization? Uterine artery embolization is a procedure to get rid of noncancerous tumors in the uterus (uterine fibroids). It does not use major surgery, so you may recover faster. You also may not need to stay in the hospital. Uterine artery embolization shrinks fibroids by blocking off their blood supply. The doctor injects very small particles into the arteries that supply the fibroids. The particles stick to the vessel wall. This causes a clot to ...
Venogram What is a venogram? A venogram is a test that lets your doctor see the veins in your body, especially in your legs. A special dye is injected that can been seen on an X-ray. The dye lets your doctor see howyou’re your veins are and how healthy they are. A venogram is one of the better tests use to diagnose deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This test can also help your doctor diagnose other health problems. A venogram can be done in several ways: Ascending venography. This looks for a DVT and finds ou...
Femoral Popliteal Bypass Surgery
Femoral Popliteal Bypass Surgery What is femoral popliteal bypass surgery and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the femoral arteries? Femoral popliteal bypass surgery is used to treat blocked femoral artery. The femoral artery is the largest artery in the thigh. It supplies oxygen-rich blood to the leg. Blockage is due to plaque buildup or atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis in the leg arteries causes peripheral vascular disease. The same process causes heart disease and stroke. There are 2 me...
Carotid Endarterectomy What is a carotid endarterectomy? Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a treatment for carotid artery disease. The carotid arteries are the main blood vessels that carry oxygen and blood to the brain. In carotid artery disease, these arteries become narrowed. This reduces blood flow to the brain and could cause a stroke. For a carotid endarterectomy, your doctor will surgically remove plaque that builds up inside the carotid artery. He or she will make an incision on the side of the ne...
Amputation What is amputation? Amputation is surgery to remove all or part of an arm or leg. It may be done to treat injury, disease or infection. It may also be done to remove tumors from bones and muscles. Why might I need an amputation? The most common reason for an amputation is poor blood flow. This happens when arteries become narrowed or damaged. When this occurs in the arms or legs, it’s called peripheral arterial disease or PAD. PAD most often occurs between the ages of 50 to 75 years. It usual...
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair What is an abdominal aortic aneurysm repair? Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is done to treat an aneurysm. An aneurysm is a bulging, weak spot in the aorta that may be at risk for rupturing. In this case, the aneurysm is in part of the aorta that is in the abdomen. Repair of an AAA may be done in one of two ways: Open repair. For this surgery, a large incision is made in the abdomen to expose the aorta. Once the abdomen is opened, the aneurysm will be repaired wit...
Vascular Studies (Carotid, Arm, and Leg Arterial and Venous Studies, Carotid Ultrasound, Venous Doppler Studies, Arterial Doppler Studies, Pulse Volume Recordings, PVRS) Procedure overview What are vascular studies? Vascular studies are a noninvasive (the skin is not pierced) procedure used to assess the blood flow in arteries and veins. A transducer (like a microphone) sends out ultrasonic sound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. When the transducer is placed on the skin at certain locations an...
Valvuloplasty What is valvuloplasty? Valvuloplasty may be done to open a stenotic (stiff) heart valve. In valvuloplasty, a very small, narrow, hollow tube (known as a catheter) is advanced from a blood vessel in the groin through the aorta into the heart. Once the catheter is placed in the valve to be opened, a large balloon at the tip of the catheter is inflated until the leaflets (flaps) of the valve are opened. Once the valve has been opened, the balloon is deflated and the catheter is removed. To ke...
Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery Procedure
Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery Procedure What is gastric bypass surgery? Gastric bypass surgery, a type of bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery), is a procedure that alters the process of digestion. Bariatric surgery is the only option today that effectively treats morbid obesity in people for whom more conservative measures such as diet, exercise, and medication have not been effective. Bariatric surgery works in one of three ways: Restriction, or limiting the amount of food intake by reducin...
Ultrafast CT Scan
Ultrafast CT Scan What is an ultrafast CT scan? An ultrafast CT scan is an imaging test that uses X-rays and a computer to look at your heart. The scan takes pictures very quickly. It gives your healthcare provider many details about your heart that other imaging tests cannot. Standard X-rays use a small amount of radiation to create images of your bones and internal organs. Standard X-rays are useful to help diagnose illness. But many details about internal organs and other structures cannot be seen. I...
Tilt Table Procedure
Tilt Table Procedure What is a tilt table procedure? A tilt table procedure is a test done to evaluate symptoms of syncope (fainting). If you have syncope, the doctor will carefully evaluate your past medical history and perform a physical exam. If the results of the exam or history do not show a cause for the syncope, and you have no history of heart disease, then further test may be scheduled. One type of test that may be used to assess syncope is the tilt table procedure. This procedure attempts to c...
Transesophageal Echocardiogram What is a transesophageal echocardiogram? A transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) uses echocardiography to assess how well the heart works. During the procedure, a transducer (like a microphone) sends out ultrasonic sound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. When the transducer is placed at certain locations and angles, the ultrasonic sound waves move through the skin and other body tissues to the heart tissues, where the waves bounce or "echo" off of the heart struct...
Radionuclide Angiogram, Resting and Exercise
Radionuclide Angiogram, Resting and Exercise What is a resting and exercise radionuclide angiogram (RNA)? A resting and exercise radionuclide angiogram (RNA) is a type of nuclear medicine procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance, called a tracer, is used to help show the tissue under study. In this case, the heart's chambers in motion are studied. This test can tell the doctor how well the heart pumps with each heartbeat and how much blood is pumped with each heartbeat (called...
Resting Radionuclide Angiogram
Resting Radionuclide Angiogram What is a resting radionuclide angiogram? Resting radionuclide angiogram (RNA) is a type of nuclear medicine procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance, called a tracer, is used during the scan to help show the heart’s chambers in motion. This test can tell the doctor how well the heart pumps and how much blood is pumped with each heartbeat. This is called the ejection fraction. A radioactive tracer (usually technetium) is injected into an arm vein...
Angioplasty and Stent Placement for the Heart
Angioplasty and Stent Placement for the Heart What is angioplasty? Angioplasty, also called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a procedure used to open blocked coronary arteries (caused by coronary artery disease) and restore blood flow to the heart muscle without open-heart surgery. For angioplasty, a special catheter (a long, thin, hollow tube) is inserted into a blood vessel and guided to the blocked coronary artery. The catheter has a tiny balloon at its tip. Once the catheter is in place,...
Pacemaker Insertion Procedure overview What is a pacemaker insertion? A pacemaker insertion is the implantation of a small electronic device that is usually placed in the chest (just below the collarbone) to help regulate slow electrical problems with the heart. A pacemaker may be recommended to ensure that the heartbeat does not slow to a dangerously low rate. Click image to enlarge The heart's electrical system The heart is basically a pump made up of muscle tissue that is stimulated by electrical cur...
Stress Myocardial Perfusion Scan
Stress Myocardial Perfusion Scan What is a stress myocardial perfusion scan? Myocardial perfusion is an imaging test. It's also called a nuclear stress test. It is done to show how well blood flows through the heart muscle. It also shows how well the heart muscle is pumping. For example, after a heart attack, it may be done to find areas of damaged heart muscle. This test may be done during rest and while you exercise. A myocardial perfusion scan uses a tiny amount of a radioactive substance, called a r...
Resting Myocardial Perfusion Scan
Resting Myocardial Perfusion Scan What is a myocardial perfusion scan? Myocardial perfusion is an imaging test. It's also called a nuclear stress test. It is done to show how well blood flows through the heart muscle. It also shows how well the heart muscle is pumping. For example, after a heart attack, your doctor may order this test to find areas of damaged heart muscle. This test may be done during rest and while you exercise. A myocardial perfusion scan uses a tiny amount of a radioactive substance,...
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Heart
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Heart What is MRI of the heart? Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a test that uses a large magnet, radio signals, and a computer to make images of organs and tissue in the body. In this case, the heart is imaged. The MRI machine is large and tube-shaped. It creates a strong magnetic field around the body. Some MRI machines are more open. The magnetic field lines up the hydrogen protons in your body. The radio waves then knock the protons out of position. As they...
Holter Monitor (Continuous Electrocardiogram, Continuous ECG, Ambulatory ECG Monitoring) Procedure overview What is a Holter monitor? The Holter monitor is a type of electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) used to monitor the ECG tracing continuously for a period of 24 hours or longer. A standard or "resting" ECG is one of the simplest and fastest procedures used to evaluate the heart. Electrodes (small, plastic patches) are placed at certain locations on the chest and abdomen. When the electrodes are connected ...
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery What is heart valve repair or replacement surgery? The heart is a pump made of muscle tissue. The heart has four pumping chambers: two upper chambers, called atria, and two lower chambers, called ventricles. To keep the blood flowing forward during its journey through the heart, there are valves between each of the heart's pumping chambers: Click to expand Tricuspid valve. Located between the right atrium and the right ventricle Pulmonary valve. Located between ...
Heart Transplantation Procedure
Heart Transplantation Procedure (Transplant-Heart, Heart Transplant, Cardiac Transplant) Procedure overview What is a heart transplant? A heart transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove the diseased heart from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from an organ donor. In order to remove the heart from the donor, two or more doctors must declare the donor brain-dead. Before a person can be put on a waiting list for a heart transplant, a doctor makes the determination that this is the b...
Exercise Echocardiogram (Stress Echocardiogram, Exercise Echocardiography, Exercise Echo) What is an exercise echocardiogram? An echocardiogram is a noninvasive (the skin is not pierced) procedure used to assess the heart's function and structures. An exercise echocardiogram is performed to assess the heart's response to stress or exercise. During the procedure, a transducer (like a microphone) sends out ultrasonic sound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. When the transducer is placed on the che...
Exercise Electrocardiogram What is an exercise electrocardiogram? An electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the simplest and fastest tests used to evaluate the heart. For this test, electrodes (small, plastic patches that stick to the skin) are placed at certain locations on the chest, arms, and legs. When the electrodes are connected to an ECG machine by wires, the electrical activity of the heart is measured, interpreted, and printed out. No electricity is sent into the body. Natural electrical impulses co...
Electrophysiological Studies What is an electrophysiological study? An electrophysiological study (EP study) is a procedure used to evaluate abnormal heartbeats. Natural electrical impulses coordinate contractions of the different parts of the heart. This helps keep blood flowing the way it should. This movement of the heart creates the heartbeat, or heart rhythm. During an EP study, small, thin wire electrodes are put into a vein in the groin (or neck, in some cases). The wire electrodes are threaded t...
Electrocardiogram What is an electrocardiogram? An electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the simplest and fastest tests used to evaluate the heart. Electrodes (small, plastic patches that stick to the skin) are placed at certain locations on the chest, arms, and legs. When the electrodes are connected to an ECG machine by lead wires, the electrical activity of the heart is measured, interpreted, and printed out. No electricity is sent into the body. Natural electrical impulses coordinate contractions of the...
Dobutamine Stress Echocardiogram
Dobutamine Stress Echocardiogram What is a dobutamine stress echocardiogram? An echocardiogram (echo) is a test used to assess the heart's function and structures. A stress echocardiogram is a test done to assess how well the heart works under stress. The “stress” can be triggered by either exercise on a treadmill or medication called dobutamine. OCardio_20140303_v0_002 A dobutamine stress echocardiogram (DSE) may be used if you are unable to exercise. Dobutamine is put in a vein and causes the heart to...
Echocardiogram (Echocardiography, Echo, Cardiac Ultrasound, Cardiac Ultrasonography, Cardiac Doppler, Transthoracic Echocardiogram, TTE) What is an echocardiogram? An echocardiogram is a noninvasive (the skin is not pierced) procedure used to assess the heart's function and structures. During the procedure, a transducer (like a microphone) sends out ultrasonic sound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. When the transducer is placed on the chest at certain locations and angles, the ultrasonic sound...
Cardiac Catheterization What is cardiac catheterization? In cardiac catheterization (often called cardiac cath), a very small, flexible, hollow tube (called a catheter) is put into a blood vessel in the groin, arm, or neck and advanced through the vessel into the aorta and into the heart. Once the catheter is in place, several tests may be done. The tip of the catheter can be placed into various parts of the heart to measure the pressures within the heart chambers. The catheter can also be guided into t...
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery What is coronary bypass graft surgery? Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is a procedure used to treat coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the narrowing of the coronary arteries – the blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. CAD is caused by a build-up of fatty material within the walls of the arteries. This build-up narrows the inside of the arteries, limiting the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart musc...
Breast-Conserving Surgery (Breast Conservation Therapy, BCT, Lumpectomy, Segmental Mastectomy, Partial Mastectomy, Quadrantectomy) Procedure overview Click to Enlarge Breast-conserving surgery may be used as a part of a treatment plan for breast cancer. During breast-conserving surgery, the cancerous lump and a portion of the breast tissue around the cancerous lump are removed. However, the breast itself remains intact. The surgeon may also remove some of the lymph nodes under the arm to determine if th...
Pelvic Ultrasound What is a pelvic ultrasound? A pelvic ultrasound is a scan that looks at the organs and structures in your pelvic area. It lets your healthcare provider look at your: Uterus Cervix Vagina Fallopian tubes Ovaries Your provider can also use Doppler ultrasound to look at how blood is flowing in certain pelvic organs. Ultrasound uses a device called a transducer to send out sound waves that are too high to be heard. The transducer sends the sound waves through your skin and other body tiss...
Pap Test What is a Pap test? For a Pap test, your healthcare provider will collect and examine cells from your cervix. The cervix is the opening to the uterus. He or she will do this test to screen for cervical cancer and other problems. It’s important to talk with your healthcare provider about when and how often you should have a Pap test. Experts base screening guidelines on your age and risk factors for cervical cancer. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), guidelines include: ...
Mastectomy Procedure overview What is a mastectomy? A mastectomy is a surgical procedure in which all or a portion of a breast is removed as a part of treatment for breast cancer. In some cases, mastectomy is performed prophylactically (to prevent cancer from occurring) in women with a high risk for developing breast cancer. Surgical treatment for breast cancer is generally divided into 2 categories: breast-conserving therapy (BCT) or mastectomy. BCT involves removing the least possible amount of breast...
Mammogram What is a mammogram? A mammogram is an X-ray image of your breast. It is used to find and diagnose breast disease in women. Your healthcare provider may order a mammogram if you have a breast problem such as a lump, pain, or discharge from a nipple. Your provider may also order one as a screening test. The test can look for breast cancers, noncancerous or benign tumors, and cysts before they can be felt. If a mammogram shows an area in your breast that may be cancer, your provider can remove a...
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) What is a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)? Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a wire loop heated by electric current to remove cells and tissue in a woman’s lower genital tract. It is used as part of the diagnosis and treatment for abnormal or cancerous conditions. The lower genital tract includes the cervix and vagina. The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus and the vagina connects the cervix and the vulva. With L...
Laparoscopy What is a laparoscopy? Laparoscopy is a procedure used to check the organs in the belly (abdomen). It can also check a woman’s pelvic organs. Laparoscopy uses a thin lighted tube that has a video camera. The tube is called a laparoscope. It is put into a tiny cut or incision in your belly. The video camera images can be seen on a computer screen. One benefit of laparoscopy is that it is minimally invasive. That means it uses a very small cut in the belly. Laparoscopy usually takes less time ...
Hysteroscopy What is a hysteroscopy? Hysteroscopy is the exam of the inside of the cervix and uterus using a thin, lighted, flexible tube called a hysteroscope. Your healthcare provider inserts the device through the vagina. Your provider may use hysteroscopy to: Take a tissue sample (biopsy) Remove polyps or fibroid tumors Prevent bleeding by destroying tissue using electric current, freezing, heat, or chemicals Your provider may do hysteroscopy in his or her office or in an outpatient center. You may ...
Hysterectomy What is a hysterectomy? Hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus. Your healthcare provider may also remove one or both ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. In some cases, he or she may remove other parts of the reproductive system. The types of hysterectomy include: Total hysterectomy. Your provider removes the whole uterus including the cervix, but not the fallopian tubes or ovaries.It’s the most common type of hysterectomy. Hysterectomy with salpingo-oophorectomy. Your provider removes o...
Fetal Heart Monitoring
Fetal Heart Monitoring What is fetal heart monitoring? Fetal heart rate monitoring measures the fetus’ heart rate and rhythm. This lets your healthcare provider see how your fetus is doing. Your healthcare provider may do fetal heart monitoring during late pregnancy and labor. The average fetal heart rate is between 110 and 160 beats per minute. It can vary by 5 to 25 beats per minute. The fetal heart rate may change as the fetus responds to conditions in the uterus. An abnormal fetal heart rate may mea...
Episiotomy What is an episiotomy? An episiotomy is an incision through the area between your vaginal opening and the anus. This area is called the perineum. It’s done to make the vaginal opening larger for childbirth. Normally, once the fetus’ head is seen, the healthcare provider will ease the head and chin out of the vagina. Once the head is out, the shoulders and the rest of the body follow. Sometimes the vaginal opening does not stretch enough for the fetus’ head. In this case, episiotomy aids your ...
Endometrial Ablation What is an endometrial ablation? Endometrial ablation is a procedure to remove a thin layer of tissue (endometrium) in the uterus. It is done to stop or reduce heavy menstrual bleeding. But it is only done on women who do not plan to have any children in the future. The procedure is not surgery, so you will not have any cut (incision). Instead your healthcare provider puts small tools through your vagina to reach your uterus. Your provider has several ways to do the procedure. He or...
Endometrial Biopsy What is an endometrial biopsy? Your health care provider can do an endometrial biopsy to take a small tissue sample from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) for study. The endometrial tissue is viewed under a microscope to look for abnormal cells. Your health care provider can also check the effects of hormones on the endometrium. Why might I need an endometrial biopsy? Your health care provider may suggest an endometrial biopsy if you have: Abnormal menstrual bleeding Bleeding aft...
Colposcopy What is colposcopy? Your health care provider uses colposcopy to view the opening to the uterus, called the cervix, and the vagina. It uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope. It magnifies the image many times. The health care provider sees the tissues on the cervix and vaginal walls more clearly. In some cases, your provider will take a small sample of tissue for exam in the lab. This is called a cervical biopsy. Cervix. The lower, narrow part of the uterus...
Dilation and Curettage (D and C)
Dilation and Curettage (D and C) (Dilatation and Curettage, D&C) Procedure overview What is a dilation and curettage (D&C)? A dilation and curettage procedure, also called a D&C, is a surgical procedure in which the cervix (lower, narrow part of the uterus) is dilated (expanded) so that the uterine lining (endometrium) can be scraped with a curette (spoon-shaped instrument) to remove abnormal tissues. A suction D&C uses suction to remove uterine contents. This is sometimes called a dilat...
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) (CVS, Chorionic Villus Biopsy) Procedure overview What is chorionic villus sampling? Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a prenatal test that involves taking a sample of tissue from the placenta to test for chromosomal abnormalities and certain other genetic problems. The placenta is a structure in the uterus that provides blood and nutrients from the mother to the fetus, The chorionic villi are tiny projections of placental tissue that look like fingers and contain the sa...
Cesarean Section What is a Cesarean section? Cesarean section or C-section is the surgical delivery of a baby through a cut (incision) made in the mother's abdomen and uterus. Health care providers use it when they believe it is safer for the mother, the baby, or both. The incision made in the skin may be: Up-and-down (vertical). This incision extends from the belly button to the pubic hairline. or Across from side-to-side ( horizontal ). This incision extends across the pubic hairline. It is used most ...
Cervical Biopsy What is a cervical biopsy? A cervical biopsy is a procedure to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous conditions, or cervical cancer. The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus. It forms a canal that opens into the vagina. Cervical biopsies can be done in several ways. The biopsy can remove a sample of tissue for testing. It can also be used to completely take out abnormal tissue. It can also treat cells that may turn into cancer. Types of cervical bio...
Breast Scan What is a breast scan? A breast scan is an imaging test to look at your breasts. It is used when a mammogram has not given your health care provider enough information. A breast scan is a type of nuclear imaging test. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive matter is used during the scan. The radioactive matter (radioactive tracer) sends out gamma rays. These are picked up by the scanner to make a picture of your breasts. The areas of the breast where the radioactive tracer collects i...
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2500 South Woodworth Loop, Palmer, AK 99645
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2500 South Woodworth Loop, Palmer, AK 99645
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.