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Patient Rights and Responsibilities
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Gift Shop and Cafeteria
Events and Classes
When Your School-Aged Child Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery
When Your School-Aged Child Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery (Ages 5 to 12 years) Your school-aged child will understand some aspects of what is going on right now – and you are likely anxious or upset by what's happening. Being prepared for the test or procedure will help you stay calm and supportive when your child needs you. What your child understands By age 7 or 8, school-aged children are starting to develop coping skills as they think more logically and begin to understand cause and effect—if ...
When Your Teen Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery
When Your Teen Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery (Ages 12 to 18 years) Both you and your teen are likely anxious and upset by what's happening. Being prepared for the test or procedure will help both of you stay calm. Understanding the procedure will help you to be supportive when your teen needs you. What your teen understands During the adolescent years, abstract thinking begins and your teen can fully understand how parts of the body function, the medical problem he or she is experiencing, and the ...
When Your Toddler or Preschooler Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery
When Your Toddler or Preschooler Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery (Ages 1 to 5 years) Your toddler or preschooler is too young to understand everything that is going on right now – but you are likely anxious or upset by what's happening. And your youngster is quite capable of sensing your unease and stress. For you, then, being prepared for the test or procedure will help you stay calm and supportive when your child needs you. What your child understands Your toddler or preschooler is able to grasp o...
When Your Baby Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery
When Your Baby Needs a Test, Procedure, or Surgery (Ages newborn to 12 months) Your baby is too young to understand what is going on right now – but you are likely scared and upset by what's happening. And your little one is quite capable of sensing your unease and stress. For you, then, being prepared for the test or procedure will help you stay calm and supportive when your child needs you. What your child understands In the first 8 months of life, infants rely on others to meet their needs for touch ...
Walking Pneumonia in Children
Walking Pneumonia in Children Pneumonia is a serious and potentially life-threatening lung infection. A germ called Mycoplasma pneumoniae is often responsible for a milder type of pneumonia called "walking pneumonia." People with this illness may feel unusually tired and run down, but they may not realize they have pneumonia and continue about their business. Facts about Mycoplasma pneumoniae About 2 million Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections occur each year in the U.S. Mycoplasma pneumoniae bacteria can ...
Workouts to Help Prevent Sports Injuries
Workouts to Help Prevent Sports Injuries Sports participation is a leading cause of injury in young people. Injuries can have both short- and long-term consequences. An injury can immediately sideline a player, putting both the fun of participation and the health benefits of exercise on hold. An injury that keeps a child out of the game over the long term can increase the chances of gaining weight, becoming less fit in general, and even developing arthritis in later years. It may not be always possible ...
What Is Sports Medicine?
What is Sports Medicine? If your child sustains an injury during exercise, sports participation, or any type of physical activity, you may be advised to see a sports medicine doctor for treatment. About sports medicine specialists Sports medicine doctors have special training to restore function to injured patients so they can get moving again as soon as possible. They are also knowledgeable about preventing illness and injury in active people. Although sports medicine doctors do work with professional ...
Wilson Disease Wilson disease is a rare disease that causes the mineral copper to build up in your body. Copper is one of the many minerals you need from the foods you eat. It helps your body work as it should. But too much copper can be harmful. Normally, your liver sends any extra copper out of your body in bile. Bile is the digestive juice that your liver makes. Wilson disease keeps your liver from working as it should. Instead of getting rid of the copper, your liver starts storing it. Over time, so...
What Is the Bernstein Test?
What Is the Bernstein Test? The Bernstein test, which is also called the esophageal acid perfusion test for esophagitis, is a test done to help diagnose gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The most common symptom of GERD is heartburn. If you have heartburn more than twice a week, you may have GERD, and your doctor may order a Bernstein test, along with other tests to make a diagnosis. What causes GERD? Stomach acid is necessary for digesting food. Your stomach is built to handle stomach acid, but yo...
What Is a Gluten-Free Diet?
What Is a Gluten-Free Diet? Gluten-free foods seem to be everywhere these days. Restaurants and cafes regularly feature gluten-free dishes and pastries. Supermarkets offer gluten-free bread, rolls, and crackers. Many people are reducing or eliminating their dietary intake of gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, barley, and some other grains. But only those who have celiac disease need to completely stop eating gluten. Celiac disease is a condition in which the immune system is abnormally sensitive to ...
When You’re HIV-Positive: What to Say
When You're HIV-Positive: What to Say Learning that you are HIV-positive can be traumatic and intensely stressful, although the diagnosis is not as terrifying as it used to be thanks to new and better drugs to treat it. Besides coping with your own reaction, you will need to decide whom to tell and how you'll tell them about your HIV status. In some cases, it will be better for you to share the information. In other cases, you may be required to tell, and sometimes it may be best to keep it to yourself....
Warfarin Sodium Solution for injection
Warfarin Sodium Solution for injection What is this medicine? WARFARIN (WAR far in) is an anticoagulant. It is used to treat or prevent clots in the veins, arteries, lungs, or heart. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is given by infusion into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed. What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine? Side ef...
Warfarin Sodium Oral tablet
Warfarin Sodium Oral tablet What is this medicine? WARFARIN (WAR far in) is an anticoagulant. It is used to treat or prevent clots in the veins, arteries, lungs, or heart. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take this medicine with or without food. Take your medicine at the same time each day. Do not take it more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice. Stopping this med...
West Nile Virus in Children
West Nile Virus in Children What is the West Nile virus? The West Nile virus belongs to a group of viruses known as flaviviruses, commonly found in Africa, West Asia, Australia, Europe, and the Middle East. Flaviviruses are spread by insects, most often mosquitoes. Other examples of flaviviruses include yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, dengue virus, and St. Louis encephalitis virus. West Nile virus (WNV) is closely related to the St. Louis encephalitis virus. The West Nile virus can infect humans, b...
Water Safety for Children
Water Safety for Children It takes only seconds for a child to drown. And it can happen without a sound. Although most drownings happen in residential swimming pools, children can drown in just an inch of water. Buckets, bath tubs, wading pools, diaper pails, and toilets and all places that pose a drowning danger for a small child. In addition, open waters such as oceans, rivers, and lakes pose a drowning threat to older children. Here are steps you can take to help protect your children: Never leave yo...
Wilms Tumor What is Wilms tumor? Wilms tumor, also called nephroblastoma, is a cancerous tumor that starts in the cells of the kidney. It is the most common type of kidney cancer in children and accounts for about 5% of all childhood cancers. Approximately 500 children in the U.S. are diagnosed with Wilms tumor each year. The disease can occur at any age between infancy and 15 years, but in most cases, the tumor is found by the age of 3 or 4. It is slightly more common among girls and African-Americans....
When to Call Your Physician
When to Call Your Physician Knowing when to call your physician, should the need arise, is very important for your baby's health and for your peace of mind. Listed in the directory below you will find some information regarding when it is most appropriate to call your physician, for which we have provided a brief overview. Fever in a Newborn Measuring a Baby's Temperature Behavior Changes Skin Color Changes Breathing Problems Gastrointestinal Problems
When a Baby Has Difficulty After Birth
When a Baby Has Difficulty After Birth All the baby's body systems must work together in a new way after birth. Sometimes, a baby has a hard time adjusting to life outside the womb. Health checks, including the Apgar test performed 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth can help determine if a baby is doing well or having problems. If there are signs the baby is not doing well, treatment can begin right away in the delivery room. The doctor and other members of the health care team work together to help the...
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Whooping Cough (Pertussis) What is whooping cough (pertussis)? Whooping cough, or pertussis, primarily affects infants and young children. Pertussis causes intense fits or spells (paroxysms) of coughing that often end with the characteristic whoop as air is inhaled. Whooping cough causes coughing spells so bad that it is hard for infants and children to eat, drink, or breathe. These spells can last for weeks. In infants, it may cause periods of apnea (not breathing). Whooping cough caused thousands of d...
Warmth and Temperature Regulation
Warmth and Temperature Regulation Babies can't adjust to temperature changes as well as adults. Babies can lose heat rapidly, nearly 4 times faster than an adult. Premature and low-birthweight babies don't have much body fat. Their bodies may be too young to control their own temperature, even in a warm environment. Even full-term and healthy newborns may not be able to keep their body warm if the environment is too cold. When your baby gets too cold, he or she uses energy and oxygen to generate warmth....
When to Seek Genetic Counseling
When to Seek Genetic Counseling Genetic counseling is a professional assessment of a person's or couple's risk factors regarding their family history, medical history, and/or pregnancy history. The goal of genetic counseling is not only to assess risk, but also to explain the cause and inheritance of a disorder, the availability of testing, the prognosis, medical management, and treatment. Genetic counseling sessions typically last one hour or longer, depending on the complexity of the case. Genetic cou...
Wheat Allergy Diet for Children
Wheat Allergy Diet for Children General guidelines for wheat allergy The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid giving your child the foods or products containing the food to which he or she is allergic. The items that your child is allergic to are called allergens. A wheat allergy is an abnormal response of the body to the protein found in wheat. Wheat products are found in many foods. In order to avoid foods that contain wheat, it is important to read food labels. Foods Allowed Not allowed Beverages ...
Why It’s Important to Plan End-of-Life Care
April 2015 Why It’s Important to Plan End-of-Life Care End-of-life care isn’t usually a top-of-mind topic. In fact, a recent study found that many people know little about it. But understanding your choices and making them known now can ensure you get the care you want if you ever become seriously ill or hurt. Planning for yourself In the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers looked at the results of a national health survey. Nearly 8,000 adults answered questions about their lifestyle an...
What Makes Red Meat So Unhealthy?
July 2014 What Makes Red Meat So Unhealthy? A juicy steak from the grill may seem like the perfect summer staple. But for your heart's sake, you may want to pass on that piece of protein. Red meat—like beef, pork, and lamb—can be high in saturated fat and cholesterol. Plus, it contains another substance that may be bad for your heart: heme iron. What is heme iron? Your body needs many vitamins and minerals to work as it should. One such mineral is iron. It helps your metabolism. That's the process by wh...
When Is It Safe to Have Sex After a Heart Attack?
January 2014 When Is It Safe to Have Sex After a Heart Attack? A heart attack can change everything, even your sex life. You may wonder when you can have sex again or if it's OK to do so. Research reveals many heart attack survivors are unsure about sexual activity. Talking with your doctor can ease your worries. Common concerns In a recent study in the Journal of the American Heart Association , researchers interviewed a small group of women who had suffered a heart attack. They found many of the women...
West Nile Virus
West Nile Virus What is the West Nile virus? The West Nile virus belongs to a group of viruses known as flaviviruses, commonly found in Africa, West Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. Flaviviruses are spread by insects, most often mosquitoes. Other examples of flaviviruses include yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, dengue virus, and St. Louis encephalitis virus (West Nile virus is closely related to the St. Louis encephalitis virus). The West Nile virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses, an...
Watch Your Weight
Watch Your Weight When is watching your weight necessary? According to the CDC, more than 68% of U.S. adults older than 20 are either overweight or obese. Extra weight is a concern because it may cause new health issues or worsen already existing health problems. A BMI of 25 to 30 is considered overweight. A BMI over 30 is considered obese. To help you determine if your weight is within a normal range, you can use a BMI calculator . Maintaining a healthy weight is especially important if you have or hav...
Women's Health Care Guidelines
Women's Health Care Guidelines The National Women's Health Information Center offers the following 10 things you can do to help live longer, live better, and live happier: Be informed. Learn about health promotion and disease prevention and ask your health care provider for specific information regarding your needs. Be good to your bones. For healthy bones, be sure to replenish your stock of calcium every day with plenty of foods such as milk and other dairy products, tofu, leafy green vegetables, canne...
Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Adults
Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Adults What is whooping cough (pertussis)? Whooping cough, or pertussis, is very contagious and mainly affects infants and young children. Whooping cough is caused by a bacterium called B ordetella pertussis. The illness is characterized by coughing spells that end with a characteristic "whoop" as air is inhaled. Whooping cough caused thousands of deaths in the 1930s and 1940s. With the advent of a vaccine, the death rate has declined dramatically. Pertussis vaccines are ve...
When Your Weight Gain Is Caused by Medicine
When Your Weight Gain Is Caused by Medicine Some medicines can cause certain people to put on weight. This can be a good thing if you are underweight to begin with. If you are at a normal weight, then gaining a few pounds also might not be a big deal. But, if you are already overweight, this weight gain might be more of a problem. Your weight gain, if any, will depend on a number of factors. These include your specific medicine, your age, and other medical conditions you have. You might only gain a few ...
What Can Disease Management Do for You?
What Can Diabetes Disease Management Do for You? Living with diabetes is a day-in, day-out job. A diabetes disease management program makes the job a little easier by giving you the information and support you need. It helps you take care of yourself and stick to your treatment plan. And in the long run, it may lead to better health and fewer complications. Improve your self-care According to the American Diabetes Association, a disease management program helps you learn essential skills for taking bett...
With Diabetes, Beat the Heat
With Diabetes, Beat the Heat When the days get hotter, keeping close tabs on your diabetes becomes especially critical. These no-sweat tips can help you avoid diabetes-related problems caused by summer heat. Drink plenty of liquids Dehydration—losing a lot of fluid from your body—can be a problem for anyone in hot weather. If your blood glucose is high though, the body loses more fluid in urine. This means you’re more likely to become dehydrated. Avoid drinks that contain alcohol, caffeine, or lots of s...
Wound Smarts Quiz
How Are Your Wound Smarts? Find out how much you know about taking care of wounds. 1. The first thing you should do when you get a wound is wash it with soap and water and then bandage it. You didn't answer this question. You answered The correct answer is Washing the wound with tap water helps remove bacteria and loose material. Many antiseptics can be irritating. Your wound can also take longer to heal if you use an antiseptic. Talk with your health care provider about using a product with cadexomer i...
West Nile Virus Quiz
Take the West Nile Virus Quiz Prevention is the best way to deal with West Nile virus. Protecting yourself against mosquito bites makes it less likely that you’ll get this disease It will also protect you against other diseases that mosquitoes can carry. 1. West Nile virus belongs to a group of viruses known as flaviviruses. How are these viruses spread? You didn't answer this question. You answered The correct answer is Other flaviviruses carried and spread by mosquitoes include those that cause yellow...
Weight-Training Safety Quiz
Take the Weight-Training Safety Quiz Many Americans do weight- or resistance-training programs to improve their health and fitness. The following quiz can help you find out if you know enough about strength training to start a program yourself. 1. It's important to check with your doctor before beginning a weight-training program. You didn't answer this question. You answered The correct answer is If you are older than 35 and have not been active for several years, check with your health care provider b...
Questions About Weight Since 1980, the number of obese adults in the U.S. has doubled. According to the CDC, millions of Americans currently are obese. The increase in obesity isn’t limited to adults. The rate of obesity has tripled for children during this same time period. Find out more about the risks of excess weight by taking this quiz. 1. Being overweight puts you at risk for heart disease. You didn't answer this question. You answered The correct answer is Being overweight raises your risk for hi...
What Can I Do If I Am At Risk for Vulvar Cancer?
What Can I Do if I am at Risk for Vulvar Cancer? The best things you can do to prevent vulvar cancer are to lower the risks you can control and get regular gynecological exams. In some cases, doctors also recommend doing self-exams. Below are some of the choices you can make to lower your risk of getting vulvar cancer. Avoid human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV infection You can help prevent these infections by not having sex as a preteen or young teen, by having protected sex (using condoms), and by avoi...
What to Know About Precancerous Vulvar Changes
What to Know About Precancerous Vulvar Changes Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) is a precancerous change in your vulva. It is not cancer, but if it's not treated it can turn into cancer in some women. Another name for VIN is dysplasia. These cell changes become more serious as they progress toward cancer, although this process may take many years. The terms used to describe dysplasia are mild dysplasia, moderate dysplasia, and severe dysplasia. The last stage before invasive cancer is known as car...
What Is Laryngeal Cancer?
What Is Laryngeal Cancer? Laryngeal cancer occurs when normal cells change and grow uncontrollably forming a cancerous tumor in the larynx, which is located in the neck. It is about 2 inches long and looks like a tube. It's also called the voice box. You use the larynx when you breathe, talk, and swallow. The larynx is located at the top of the windpipe called the trachea. Its walls are made mainly of cartilage. The thyroid cartilage in the front of the larynx is commonly referred to as the Adam’s apple...
What to Expect After Chemotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer
What to Expect after Chemotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer Chemotherapy affects normal cells as well as cancer cells. The possible side effects depend on what kind of drug you take and the dose. These are common side effects of chemotherapy: Nausea and vomiting. This can be well-controlled with medication most of the time Temporary hair loss Mouth sores. A feeding tube can help you maintain nutrition during the time when it may be difficult to eat. Diarrhea Fatigue Other common side effects are a decrea...
What Can I Do If I’m At Risk for Endometrial Cancer?
What Can I Do if I’m At Risk for Endometrial Cancer? If you have any of the factors that put you at risk for endometrial cancer, what can you do? The best thing you can do is to lower your risk in areas you can control. You can make some general lifestyle changes to reduce your risk: Eat a balanced diet and maintain a healthy weight. Limit the fat in your diet. Eat a moderate amount of a variety of foods. Get regular physical activity. If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, work with your health c...
What Are the Survival Rates for Women with Endometrial Cancer?
What Are Survival Rates for Women with Endometrial Cancer? How well treatment works for women with endometrial cancer depends on the type and stage of cancer. These statistics are from Cancer Facts & Figures 2014 from the American Cancer Society: The overall 1-year survival rate (percentage of women living at least one year after diagnosis) is 92%. The overall 5-year survival rate (percentage of women living at least five years after diagnosis) is 82%. The 5-year survival rate for women whose cancer...
What Happens During a Stem Cell Transplant for CML
What Happens During a Stem Cell Transplant for CML Stem cell transplants may be autologous, which means the stem cells come from your own body. Or they may be allogeneic, which means the stem cells come from a donor. Donor (allogenic) transplants are the only known cure for CML and doctors prefer to use a donor (allogeneic) transplant for these 2 reasons: Your own leukemia cells may not be completely separated out from your stem cells. So if you use your own stem cells, it is possible some leukemia cell...
What to Expect After Surgery for Primary Bone Cancer
What to Expect After Surgery for Primary Bone Cancer Each operation is different. You should ask the surgeon and your treatment team (residents, nurse practitioners, or physician assistants) about what to expect right after surgery. In general, you may expect these things: You’ll have a large bandage that may prevent you from moving one of your limbs or joints. This will stay in place for a few days to two weeks. You may have plastic drainage tubes coming out of the dressing. The nurse empties these tub...
What to Know About Stent Placement for Bile Duct Cancer
What to Know About Stent Placement for Bile Duct Cancer If cancer is blocking your bile duct, your doctor may place a thin tube called a stent into the bile duct. It helps keep the duct open and drain bile that builds up in the area. This helps prevent symptoms such as pain, or yellow eyes and skin, called jaundice. Placing a bile stent may be a temporary measure to relieve jaundice before surgery. It may also be used for more advanced cancers to help keep the bile duct open if surgery is not an option....
What to Know About Immunotherapy for Melanoma
Melanoma: Immunotherapy Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that uses your body’s own immune system. It uses medicines that boost certain parts of the immune system. This helps your body fight off cancer cells. The treatments are known as biologic medicines. They help your immune cells recognize and attack the cancer cells. Your doctor may suggest immunotherapy if one of these cases applies to you: You have advanced melanoma. In this case, the goal of immunotherapy is to help shrink the tumor. You may ...
What to Know First About Your Treatment Choices for Lung Cancer
What to Know First About Your Treatment Choices for Lung Cancer Lung cancer can be treated. Your treatment depends on all of these things: The type of lung cancer you have The size and location of the tumor Your general health If the cancer has spread to other parts of your body Treatments can control the lung cancer and improve your quality of life by controlling symptoms of the disease. Right now, there are no treatments that cure extensive lung cancer, which is cancer that has spread to the opposite ...
What You Need to Know About Hormone Therapy for Breast Cancer
What You Need to Know About Hormone Therapy for Breast Cancer Hormone therapy may be used to treat breast cancer. Hormones are chemicals in your blood. They control how normal, healthy cells grow. For some types of breast cancer, hormones such as estrogen and progesterone can cause breast cancer cells to grow. When you're first told that you have breast cancer, your doctor will test the tumor to find out if hormones cause it to grow. If the answer is yes, the cancer is hormone receptor-positive and you'...
What to Know About Surgery for Breast Cancer
What to Know About Surgery for Breast Cancer The goal of breast cancer surgery Surgery is the most common treatment for breast cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove the cancer from the breast and from any areas where it may have spread. Types of breast cancer surgery The following types of surgery may be used, depending on the type of breast cancer you have. There are surgeries for the lymph nodes, surgeries for the breast, and reconstructive surgery. You and your doctor can talk about and compare th...
What Is Primary Bone Cancer?
What Is Primary Bone Cancer? To help you understand what happens when you have cancer, it helps to know how your body works normally. Your body is made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Normal cells grow and multiply when your body needs them, and die out when your body does not need them. Click Image to Enlarge Cancer is made up of abnormal cells that grow whether they are needed or not. Bone cancer is cancer that begins in your bones. It is also called primary bone cancer. Primary bone cancer i...
What to Know About Radiation Therapy for Vulvar Cancer
What to Know About Radiation Therapy for Vulvar Cancer Radiation therapy is one way to treat vulvar cancer. This treatment is also called radiotherapy. Radiation is a local treatment, which means it affects the cancer cells only in the area treated. Radiation is one of the two most common treatments for vulvar cancer. The other is surgery. In many cases, these treatments can cure vulvar cancer. Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays to control the growth of cancer cells or to shrink a tumor before su...
What to Know About Surgery for Vulvar Cancer
What to Know About Surgery for Vulvar Cancer Surgery is the most common treatment for vulvar cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove tumors or cancerous lesions from the vulva while trying to leave as much normal tissue as possible. This allows your sexual, bowel, and bladder functions to stay intact. Another important goal is to remove lymph nodes from the groin to check for the spread of cancer. Sometimes surgery requires removing surrounding tissue or organs. You should be treated by a gynecologic o...
What to Know About Your Treatment Options for Vulvar Cancer
What to Know About Your Treatment Options for Vulvar Cancer The main treatments of vulvar cancer are surgery, with or without radiation, and sometimes chemotherapy. Your treatment choices depend on the type of vulvar cancer you have, the results of certain lab tests, and the stage of the cancer. Your doctor will also consider your age and general health when making recommendations about treatment. You should be treated by a gynecologic oncologist. This is a specialist who has extra training to diagnose ...
What Are the Symptoms of Vulvar Cancer?
What are the Symptoms of Vulvar Cancer? You can have vulvar cancer without having any symptoms, but many women do. These are some common symptoms of vulvar cancer: Vulvar itching that does not improve A change in skin color around the vulva. Your skin may become more red, lighter, or darker in color than the surrounding skin. A change in the feel of your skin around the vulva. Your skin may feel thicker, scalier, rougher, or bumpier than surrounding skin. Wart-like bump or bumps, cauliflower-like growth...
What Is Head and Neck Cancer?
What Is Head and Neck Cancer? Head and neck cancer is the term given to cancers that start in the head and neck region. These are cancers that begin in any of these places: Larynx (voice box) Nasal cavity (the passage behind the nose) Oral cavity (mouth) Paranasal sinuses (spaces around the nose, lined with cells that make mucus) Pharynx (throat) Salivary glands (glands that make saliva) Click to Enlarge Look under "Specific Cancers" to learn more about oral cancer, cancer of the larynx, and thyroid can...
What Is Ewing Sarcoma?
What Is Ewing Sarcoma? To help you understand what is happening when you have cancer, it helps to know how your body works normally. Our bodies are made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Normal or healthy cells grow and multiply when the body needs them, and die out when the body does not need them. Cancer is made up of abnormal or unhealthy cells that grow whether they are needed or not. Ewing sarcoma is a type of cancer that can start in either the bone or in non-bony tissue, which are soft tis...
What Is Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Origin?
What Is Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Origin? The location in the body where cancerous cells first start to grow is known as the site of the primary tumor. Once cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it is said to have metastasized. Carcinoma of unknown primary origin (CUP) is cancer that starts in an unknown location and has already spread by the time it is diagnosed. Another name often used for CUP is unknown primary cancer, or UPC. These are the places where CUP is often first found: Lymph nodes i...
What Are the Symptoms of Esophageal Cancer?
What Are the Symptoms of Esophageal Cancer? In the early stages of esophageal cancer, when it is still only in the esophagus, it is usually asymptomatic. Asymptomatic means it doesn't cause symptoms. When the cancer has spread to nearby areas (called locally advanced), there may be minor symptoms. In those cases, you may think that the symptoms are caused by something else, like indigestion. You may be tempted to ignore symptoms. Here is a list of possible early symptoms of esophageal cancer: Difficulty...
What Is Esophageal Cancer?
What Is Esophageal Cancer? To help you understand what is happening when you have cancer, it helps to understand how your body works normally. Our bodies are made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Normal cells grow and multiply when the body needs them and die out when the body does not need them. Cancer is made up of abnormal cells. These cells grow whether they are needed or not. Click Image to Enlarge Esophageal cancer is cancer that begins in the esophagus. The esophagus is a tube that carrie...
What Is Multiple Myeloma?
What Is Multiple Myeloma? To help you understand what is happening when you have cancer, it helps to understand how your body works normally. Our bodies are made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Normal cells grow and multiply when the body needs them, and die out when the body does not need them. Cancer is made up of abnormal cells that grow whether or not they are needed. Multiple myeloma is cancer that begins in the plasma cells. These are a type of white blood cell. Plasma cells make proteins...
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2500 South Woodworth Loop, Palmer, AK 99645
Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.