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Rear End Takes a Front Seat in Plastic Surgery Offices
Rear End Takes a Front Seat in Plastic Surgery Offices THURSDAY, Feb. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Butt enhancement helped boost cosmetic procedures in the United States by 3 percent last year, according to a new report. Americans saddled with sagging, small or otherwise run-of-the-mill fannies underwent 11,505 buttock augmentations with fat grafting (up 15 percent from 2013), the American Society of Plastic Surgeons reported. More than 3,500 buttocks were lifted (up 44 percent from the year before), ac...
Rise in Use of Animals for Research
Rise in Use of Animals for Research THURSDAY, Feb. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a surge in the use of animals in experimental research in the United States since the late 1990s, with mice accounting for most of the increase, a new study indicates. The findings challenge research industry claims of decreased use of animals, the study authors said. The study authors analyzed unpublished data from the U.S. National Institutes of Health on the use of all vertebrate species at the 25 research ...
Risk of Violent Crime Rises With Depression, Study Finds
Risk of Violent Crime Rises With Depression, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Feb. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People with depression might be more likely to commit a violent crime than those without depression, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from more than 47,000 people in Sweden who were diagnosed with depression and followed for an average of three years. They were compared to more than 898,000 gender- and age-matched people without depression. People with depression were five to six times mo...
Reminders From States May Boost Timely Vaccination Rates
Reminders From States May Boost Timely Vaccination Rates MONDAY, Feb. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A centralized statewide reminder system for immunizations may be a more reliable way to increase overall vaccination rates than reminders from the doctor's office, new research suggests. Efforts to get primary care physicians to reach out to parents with timely reminders about childhood vaccinations haven't worked very well, the study authors noted. Less than one-fifth of doctors' offices willingly partici...
Researchers Measure Scope of Muscular Dystrophies That Strike Boys
Researchers Measure Scope of Muscular Dystrophies That Strike Boys FRIDAY, Feb. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new study estimates the prevalence of two types of muscular dystrophy that strike mostly boys. A team led by researchers from the University of Iowa found that about one in 5,000 boys between the ages of 5 and 9 have either Duchenne muscular dystrophy or Becker muscular dystrophy. The researchers also found that Hispanic boys were struck by the disorders more often than whites or blacks. "There...
Rivers May Be Factor in Antibiotic Resistance
Rivers May Be Factor in Antibiotic Resistance WEDNESDAY, Feb. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Rivers and streams could be major contributors to antibiotic resistance due to the many infection-fighting medications flushed into them, a new study says. Antibiotic resistance means that commonly used medications don't work as well -- or don't work at all -- in fighting infections. For this study, British researchers analyzed water and sediment samples from 13 sites in England's Thames River and the waterways th...
Researchers Identify 8 Signs of Impending Death
Researchers Identify 8 Signs of Impending Death MONDAY, Feb. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they have identified eight specific physical signs that strongly indicate that someone with advanced cancer is entering the last days of life. The investigators focused on telltale signs that a patient has, at most, just three days to live. The hope is that this information will help family members and other caregivers better handle an impending death, as well as be more prepared for choices that may...
Residential Treatment Program Helps Obese Kids Lose Weight, Study Finds
Residential Treatment Program Helps Obese Kids Lose Weight, Study Finds MONDAY, Feb. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Extremely obese kids in an intensive 10-month residential treatment program lost more weight than their counterparts, and appeared to reverse artery damage that could lead to clogged arteries and heart disease, according to a new study from Belgium. The obese children in the intervention program lost about 60 pounds. Meanwhile, children who received standard diet and exercise counseling gaine...
Researchers Learning More About Deadly Pancreatic Cancer
Researchers Learning More About Deadly Pancreatic Cancer FRIDAY, Jan. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists are working to find new ways to treat pancreatic cancer, one of the deadliest types of cancer in the United States. Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the country. Each year, more than 46,000 Americans are diagnosed with the disease and more than 39,000 die from it, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. Current treatments include drugs, chemotherapy, surg...
Researchers Rethink Inner-City Asthma Theory
Researchers Rethink Inner-City Asthma Theory TUESDAY, Jan. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new study challenges the widely held belief that inner-city children have a higher risk of asthma simply because of where they live. Race, ethnicity and income have much stronger effects on asthma risk than where children live, the Johns Hopkins Children's Center researchers reported. The investigators looked at more than 23,000 children, aged 6 to 17, across the United States and found that asthma rates were 13 pe...
Realistic Targets May Boost Exercise Rates, Experts Say
Realistic Targets May Boost Exercise Rates, Experts Say WEDNESDAY, Jan. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People who are sedentary should focus on small increases in their activity level and not dwell on public health recommendations on exercise, according to new research. Current targets call for 150 minutes of weekly exercise -- or 30 minutes of physical activity at least five days a week -- to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. Although these standards don't need to be...
Rare Virus Discovered in Common Tick
Rare Virus Discovered in Common Tick FRIDAY, Jan. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A rare virus has been found in ticks that are common in the southeastern United States. The Tacaribe virus is a so-called arenavirus. Some of the viruses in this family are associated with severe hemorrhagic (bleeding) disease and high death rates among people in South America and sub-Saharan Africa, according to the University of Florida researchers. The virus has never before been found in animals or people in the United St...
Recess Promotes Healthy Eating by School Kids: Study
Recess Promotes Healthy Eating by School Kids: Study WEDNESDAY, Jan. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- School kids are a lot more likely to eat the green beans and peaches on their lunch tray if they have recess beforehand, a new study suggests. Students in the federally funded U.S. National School Lunch Program must select a fruit and a vegetable side, the researchers explained. But many school officials say these healthy foods often end up in the trash. "Recess is often held after lunch so children hurry t...
Race, Ethnicity Affect Breast Cancer Survival, Study Shows
Race, Ethnicity Affect Breast Cancer Survival, Study Shows TUESDAY, Jan. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Your chances of being diagnosed with early breast cancer, as well as surviving it, vary greatly depending on your race and ethnicity, a new study indicates. "It had been assumed lately that we could explain the differences in outcome by access to care," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Narod, Canada research chair in breast cancer and a professor of public health at the University of Toronto. In previous...
Researchers Take 'First Baby Step' Toward Anti-Aging Drug
Researchers Take 'First Baby Step' Toward Anti-Aging Drug WEDNESDAY, Dec. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers could be closing in on a "fountain of youth" drug that can delay the effects of aging and improve the health of older adults, a new study suggests. Seniors received a significant boost to their immune systems when given a drug that targets a genetic signaling pathway linked to aging and immune function, researchers with the drug maker Novartis report. The experimental medication, a version ...
Rapivab Approved to Help Treat Flu
Rapivab Approved to Help Treat Flu MONDAY, Dec. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Rapivab (peramivir) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat influenza. The intravenous drug inhibits an enzyme that releases viral particles from infected cells, the FDA explained Monday in a news release. Rapivab is approved for people 18 and older who have had flu symptoms for no more than two days. Flu affects up to 20 percent of the American population each season, hospitalizing more than 200,000...
Raised Asthma Risk Seen for Toddlers Who Share Bed With Parents
Raised Asthma Risk Seen for Toddlers Who Share Bed With Parents THURSDAY, Dec. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Toddlers who share a bed with their parents may have an increased risk of developing asthma later in childhood, a new study finds. The study included more than 6,100 mothers in the Netherlands who provided information about wheezing and asthma symptoms in their children every year between ages 1 and 6. Children who shared a bed with their parents during infancy (2 months old) did not have an incre...
Richard III Likely Had Blond Hair, Blue Eyes, Study Shows
Richard III Likely Had Blond Hair, Blue Eyes, Study Shows TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- England's King Richard III most likely had blue eyes and blond hair, at least when he was a child, according to genetic tests that also confirm it was his remains found beneath a parking lot in Leicester, England. Richard III -- immortalized in the Shakespeare play that bears his name -- was killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 and was the last English king to die in battle. The location of his ...
Restroom Hand Dryers Spread More Germs Than Paper Towels, Study Finds
Restroom Hand Dryers Spread More Germs Than Paper Towels, Study Finds FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Those air-blown hand dryers in public restrooms may spread far more germs than conventional paper towels, a new study suggests. British researchers placed a harmless type of bacteria on the hands of volunteers in order to simulate poorly washed hands. They then had them use warm-air dryers, high-powered "jet-air" dryers or paper towels to dry their hands. The investigators measured airborne ba...
Running Won't Raise Risk of Knee Arthritis, Study Says
Running Won't Raise Risk of Knee Arthritis, Study Says SATURDAY, Nov. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Regular running doesn't seem to increase your chances of developing knee osteoarthritis, and it may even help prevent the disease, researchers report. The researchers analyzed data from more than 2,600 people who provided information about the three most common types of physical activity they did at different times in their lives. The average age of the study volunteers was 64. The time periods asked about...
Rheumatoid Arthritis in Moms-to-Be Linked to Premature Births
Rheumatoid Arthritis in Moms-to-Be Linked to Premature Births THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk for giving birth prematurely, a new study suggests. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic joint inflammation. For the study, researchers looked at data from almost 2 million single-baby births in Denmark between 1977 and 2008. They found that more than 13,500 of the mothers had rheumatoid arthritis or were dia...
Researchers Find Gene Mutation That May Protect Against Heart Disease
Researchers Find Gene Mutation That May Protect Against Heart Disease WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Mutations that affect a single gene may significantly reduce the risk of heart disease, a new study suggests. People have two copies of most genes. One copy is usually inherited from each parent. Researchers found that people with rare mutations that switch off a single copy of a gene called NPC1L1 are protected against high levels of "bad" LDL cholesterol and narrowing of the heart's arter...
Report: Fewer U.S. Hospitalizations for Hepatitis A
Report: Fewer U.S. Hospitalizations for Hepatitis A SATURDAY, Nov. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a sharp decline in the rate of hospitalizations for hepatitis A in the United States, a new study finds. Hepatitis A is a viral liver disease that people get from contaminated food or water, or through direct contact with an infected person. Researchers analyzed federal government data and found that the rate of hospitalization for hepatitis A infection fell from 0.72 to 0.29 per 100,000 patient...
Research Questions Link Between Media Violence, Violent Behavior
Research Questions Link Between Media Violence, Violent Behavior WEDNESDAY, Nov. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Throwing another wrinkle into the ongoing debate over the effects of media violence, new research suggests that movies and video games might not deserve the blame for real-life crime. Homicide rates actually fell over the past couple of decades, even as violence in movies escalated, the research found. The findings aren't definitive, and they don't prove any cause-and-effect relationship. But stu...
Researchers Say Antibiotics in Fish a Health Concern
Researchers Say Antibiotics in Fish a Health Concern FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers who discovered antibiotics in farmed and wild fish say their findings are cause for concern. The use of antibiotics in animals, including fish, that are raised for human consumption contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that threaten people's health, according to background information from the study. Each year in the United States, antibiotic-resistant germs sicken about 2...
Recalled Supplements Linger on U.S. Store Shelves, Study Finds
Recalled Supplements Linger on U.S. Store Shelves, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Two-thirds of dietary supplements recalled by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) because they contained banned ingredients remained on store shelves at least six months after they were recalled, a new study finds. For example, in July 2013, researchers were able to purchase EverSlim -- a weight-loss supplement that had been recalled in February 2012 by the FDA. The product was recalled fo...
Research Shows No Link Between Vaccinations, Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
Research Shows No Link Between Vaccinations, Risk for Multiple Sclerosis TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study finds no link between vaccines and increased risk of multiple sclerosis or similar nervous system diseases. Even though some have questioned whether vaccines -- particularly for hepatitis B and human papillomavirus (HPV) -- might be associated with a small rise in the risk of MS, prior studies yielded mixed findings on the issue, with most studies showing no link. Many of those...
Regular Doctor Visits Help Control Blood Pressure, Study Says
Regular Doctor Visits Help Control Blood Pressure, Study Says MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Regular visits to your doctor can help keep your blood pressure under control, a new study shows. High blood pressure can cause serious health problems such as stroke and heart attack, according to the American Heart Association. Researchers analyzed data from 37,000 American adults who had their blood pressure checked between 1999 and 2012. Those who saw their doctor at least twice a year were 3.2 ti...
Repetitive Pitching May Cause Teens Serious Shoulder Problems
Repetitive Pitching May Cause Teens Serious Shoulder Problems TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Young athletes who pitch more than 100 balls a week risk getting a painful overuse injury that can hamper normal shoulder development, new research shows. The injury is called acromial apophysiolysis, and the researchers said it can lead to additional problems, including rotator cuff tears. "There is no problem with teenagers pitching in baseball. The problem is if you overdo," said Dr. Johannes Roed...
Race Doesn't Affect Obesity's Toll on Health
Race Doesn't Affect Obesity's Toll on Health TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Is obesity more deadly for some races than for others? Prior research had suggested that when blacks become obese, they might be slightly less likely to die early, compared to people of other races of similar weight. However, a major new study from the American Cancer Society finds no such difference: People with excess pounds who are healthy and have never smoked appear to have a similar risk of dying earlier, regar...
Risks From Epidural, Spinal Anesthesia Very Low, Study Says
Risks From Epidural, Spinal Anesthesia Very Low, Study Says TUESDAY, Oct. 14 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The risks of using epidural and spinal anesthesia during childbirth are extremely low, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed data from more than 80,000 women who received epidural or spinal anesthesia during childbirth and found that the overall rate of complications was just under 3 percent. The most common complications involved medications, including receiving too much or too little anesthes...
Rely on Mom-to-Be When Epidural Is Needed
Rely on Mom-to-Be When Epidural Is Needed THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When it comes to pain relief during labor and delivery, mom probably knows best, new research suggests. Doctors tend to be cautious about when to give the pain-relieving local anesthetic known as an epidural during labor. But, a new study says the best time to give an epidural is likely when a woman asks for it. Researchers reviewed nine studies that included more than 15,000 first-time mothers randomly assigned to rece...
Report Claims Success Treating Alzheimer's Memory Loss
Report Claims Success Treating Alzheimer's Memory Loss MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A researcher is reporting success in a small study of reversing memory problems associated with early stage Alzheimer's disease by using a complex program of lifestyle changes, supplements and hormones. Of the first 10 patients treated, nine reported improvements in memory within three to six months, according to Dr. Dale Bredesen, a professor of neurology at the University of California, Los Angeles, who dev...
Rat Study Suggests Light at Night Might Hamper Breast Cancer Therapy
Rat Study Suggests Light at Night Might Hamper Breast Cancer Therapy MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A study in rats hints that exposure to dim light at night may make human breast cancer tumors resistant to the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin. However, giving the rats a melatonin supplement prevented this light-linked resistance to doxorubicin, the most widely used cancer chemotherapy drug in the world. Prior rat-based research by the same investigators found that exposure to dim light at nigh...
Roundworm Infections in Children
Roundworm Infections in Children Ascariasis is the name of an infection caused by the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides . When a worm lives inside the human body, the condition is called a parasitic infection. Roundworms can live inside the small intestine for up to two years. The worms are about as thick as a pencil and can grow to be about 13 inches long. They reproduce very quickly. Female roundworms may lay more than 200,000 eggs every day; these eggs leave the body through bowel movements. Ascariasis ...
Right Heart Catheterization with Heart Tissue Biopsy
Right Heart Catheterization with Heart Tissue Biopsy (Heart Biopsy, Right Heart Cath with Biopsy) Procedure overview What is a right heart catheterization with heart tissue biopsy? Click Image to Enlarge Right heart catheterization (often abbreviated as right heart cath) with heart tissue biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are taken directly from the heart muscle. This procedure may be done to see if the heart tissue is normal. In a right heart cath, the doctor guides a special catheter (a sm...
Right Heart Catheterization
Right Heart Catheterization (Right Heart Cath; Pulmonary Artery Catheterization; Catheterization, Right Heart; Swan-Ganz "Swan" Catheterization) Procedure overview What is a right heart catheterization? Click Image to Enlarge A right heart catheterization is performed to determine how well the heart is pumping and to measure the pressures in the heart and lungs. In a right heart cath, the doctor guides a special catheter (a small, hollow tube) called a pulmonary artery (PA) catheter to the right side of...
Robotic Cardiac Surgery
Robotic Cardiac Surgery (Robotic-assisted Cardiac Surgery, Robotic Heart Surgery, da Vinci Surgery) Procedure overview Robotic cardiac surgery is a form of heart surgery performed through very small incisions in the chest. With the use of tiny instruments and robotic devices, surgeons are able to perform several types of heart surgery in a way that is much less invasive than other types of heart surgery. The procedure is sometimes called da Vinci surgery because that is the name of the manufacturer of t...
Radionuclide Angiogram, Resting
Radionuclide Angiogram, Resting (Resting RNA, MUGA, Gated Blood Pool Scan [Resting], Gated Cardiac Scan, Resting Gated Blood Pool Scan, Cardiac Blood Pool Imaging) Procedure overview What is a resting radionuclide angiogram (RNA)? Resting radionuclide angiogram (RNA) is a type of nuclear medicine procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance, called a radionuclide (radiopharmaceutical or radioactive tracer), is used during the procedure to assist in the examination of the tissue un...
Returning Home After a Burn Injury
Returning Home After a Burn Injury Returning home after a burn injury requires an adjustment period for both your child and your family. You will probably experience a variety of feelings and emotions that are normal. You may feel scared, nervous, or uneasy about leaving the hospital (as well as your child's appearance around friends and loved ones). Your mixed feelings are normal and it may help to have someone to talk with. Remember, there are plenty of support persons who were involved in your child'...
Recognizing Urologic or Gynecologic Problems
Recognizing Urologic or Gynecologic Problems Signs and symptoms that may require medical attention There are many different gynecological problems that could occur during adolescence. Mothers should be sure to talk with their daughters about all of the normal changes that will be occurring in the body during this time of physical maturation and development, so that any abnormal changes can be examined right away. Be sure to discuss the following: Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your ...
Renal Vascular Disease
Renal Vascular Disease What is renal vascular disease? Renal vascular disease is the name given to a variety of complications that affect the arteries and veins of the kidneys. These complications affect the blood circulation of the kidneys, and may cause damage to the tissues of the kidneys, kidney failure, and/or high blood pressure. Vascular conditions affecting the renal arteries and veins include the following: Renal artery stenosis. Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a blockage of an artery to the kid...
Routine Vaccination Recommendations
Routine Vaccination Recommendations What vaccinations are routinely recommended for adults, adolescents, and children? According to the CDC, there are many diseases that have recommended vaccination schedules. The goal is for all U.S. citizens to receive these vaccinations to prevent the spread of these infectious diseases, and ultimately to eradicate them. Specific vaccine recommendations vary depending on age, geographic location, and other risk factors. Many basic vaccinations are often given in comb...
Reconstructive Plastic Surgery
Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Many different reconstructive plastic surgery procedures require the clinical and surgical expertise of a plastic surgeon. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Overview Nasal Surgery (Septoplasty) Breast Reconstruction Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Craniosynostosis Hand Surgery Overview of Hand Surgery Anatomy of the Hand Diagnosing Hand Conditions Type of Hand Conditions Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Con...
Rheumatoid Arthritis What is rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the joints. The inflammation can become so severe that the function and appearance of the hands, as well as other parts of the body, can become affected. In the hand, rheumatoid arthritis may cause deformities in the joints of the fingers, making movement difficult. Lumps, known as rheumatoid nodules, may form over small joints in the hands and the wrist. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis...
Risk Factors for Stroke
Risk Factors for Stroke Evaluating the risk for stroke is based on heredity, natural processes, and lifestyle. Many risk factors for stroke can be changed or managed, while others that relate to hereditary or natural processes cannot be changed. Risk factors for stroke that can be changed, treated, or medically managed High blood pressure. The most important controllable risk factor for stroke (brain attack) is controlling high blood pressure (140/90 or higher). High blood pressure can damage blood vess...
Recognizing Gynecologic Problems
Recognizing Gynecologic Problems Gynecological signs and symptoms that may require medical attention Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle prior to menopause. However, if you notice anything different or unusual, consult your health care provider before attempting to treat the problem yourself. Symptoms may result from mild infections that are easy to treat. But, if they are not treated properly, they can lead to more serious conditions, including infertility or kidney...
Refractive Errors What is normal vision? In order to better understand how refractive errors affect our vision, it is important to understand how normal vision occurs. For persons with normal vision, the following sequence takes place: Click Image to Enlarge Light enters the eye through the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. From the cornea, the light passes through the pupil. The amount of light passing through is regulated by the iris, or the colored part of your ...
Reproductive Glands Anatomy of the ovaries A woman's two ovaries are located on both sides of the uterus, just below the opening of the fallopian tubes (tubes that extend from the uterus to the ovaries). Function of the ovaries In addition to producing egg cells, the ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone, which affect many of the female characteristics and reproductive functions. Estrogens are also responsible for good bone health and strength. The levels of secreted estrogen and progesterone are co...
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic Heart Disease What is rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which permanent damage to heart valves is caused by rheumatic fever. The heart valve is damaged by a process that generally begins with an infection caused by streptococcus bacteria. In some cases, strep throat or scarlet fever can eventually progress to rheumatic fever. Click on Image to Enlarge The effects of rheumatic fever: Rheumatic fever, an inflammatory disease, can affect many connective tissues, e...
Radiation Therapy for Ovarian Cancer
Radiation Therapy for Ovarian Cancer Radiation therapy is one of many options that doctors may use to treat ovarian cancer. Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, is rarely used in the United States as a primary treatment for ovarian cancer. More commonly used therapies include surgery, chemotherapy, and newer options like hormone therapy and targeted treatments. Each treatment may be used on its own or in combination with others. Although radiation therapy is not often used to treat ovarian cance...
Robin Williams' Death Shines Light on Depression, Substance Abuse
Robin Williams' Death Shines Light on Depression, Substance Abuse TUESDAY, Aug. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The suicide Monday of Academy Award-winning actor and comic star Robin Williams has refocused public attention on depression, its sometimes link to substance abuse and, in tragic cases, suicide. Williams was last seen alive at his suburban San Francisco home about 10 p.m. Sunday, according to the Marin County coroner's office. Shortly before noon on Monday, the Sheriff's Department received an em...
Researchers Pinpoint Brain Region Where Contextual Memories Are Made
Researchers Pinpoint Brain Region Where Contextual Memories Are Made TUESDAY, Aug. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A region of the brain that plays a key role in contextual memories has been pinpointed in rats by researchers. Alzheimer's disease and other brain disorders can affect contextual memory. Contextual memories help you recall your location when an event occurred. This can range from remembering where you were at the time of a significant incident -- such as 9/11 or the JFK assassination -- to eve...
Researchers Create Functional 3-D Brain-Like Tissue
Researchers Create Functional 3-D Brain-Like Tissue TUESDAY, Aug. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers who created functional 3-D brain-like tissue say it could help scientists find new treatments for brain injuries and diseases and improve knowledge about normal brain function. The tissue, which can be kept alive in the laboratory for more than two months, is structurally similar to tissue in a rat's brain. It's also functionally like brain tissue. In early experiments with the tissue, researchers ...
Researchers Closer to Test for Human Form of 'Mad Cow' Disease
Researchers Closer to Test for Human Form of 'Mad Cow' Disease WEDNESDAY, Aug. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have developed two simple tests that could offer the first non-invasive ways to diagnose the human version of "mad cow" disease. The tests -- one using a urine sample, the other nasal "brushings" -- seem to reliably detect Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), according to separate reports in the Aug. 7 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine . CJD -- popularly known as mad cow disease -...
Running Could Add 3 Years to Your Lifespan
Running Could Add 3 Years to Your Lifespan MONDAY, July 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Runners may live an average three years longer than people who don't run, according to new research. But, the best news from this study is that it appears that you can reap this benefit even if you run at slow speeds for mere minutes every day, the 15-year study suggests. "People may not need to run a lot to get health benefits," said lead author Duck-chul Lee, an assistant professor of kinesiology at Iowa State Univers...
Rhymes Reveal Evidence of Learning in the Womb
Rhymes Reveal Evidence of Learning in the Womb FRIDAY, July 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Babies seem to learn even before they're born, a new study suggests. By the time women are 34 weeks pregnant, their unborn babies can respond to the sound of their mother's voice reciting a familiar nursery rhyme, the researchers report. "The mother's voice is the predominant source of sensory stimulation in the developing fetus," Charlene Krueger, nursing researcher and associate professor in the University of Flor...
Research Reveals Why Pot Can Make People Paranoid
Research Reveals Why Pot Can Make People Paranoid THURSDAY, July 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- British researchers say they've identified several psychological factors that can contribute to short-term paranoia in some people who use marijuana. The paranoia is caused by the main active ingredient in marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), according to the researchers. "The study very convincingly shows that cannabis [marijuana] can cause short-term paranoia in some people," study leader Daniel Freeman, pr...
Routine Pulse Check May Prevent Second Stroke, Study Says
Routine Pulse Check May Prevent Second Stroke, Study Says WEDNESDAY, July 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Regularly checking the pulse of a stroke survivor may help prevent another stroke, researchers report. "Screening pulse is the method of choice for checking for irregular heartbeat for people over age 65 who have never had a stroke. Our study shows it may be a safe, effective, noninvasive and easy way to identify people who might need more thorough monitoring to prevent a second stroke," said study aut...
Ruconest Approved for Rare Genetic Disease
Ruconest Approved for Rare Genetic Disease THURSDAY, July 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Ruconest has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat hereditary angioedema, a genetic disease that leads to sudden and potentially fatal swelling of the hands, feet, limbs, face, intestinal tract or airways. The disease, affecting as many as 10,000 people in the United States, is caused by the body's inability to produce enough of a plasma protein called C1-esterase inhibitor. The remedy is pro...
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Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.