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Popular Antioxidant Seems to Spread Skin Cancer Cells in Mouse Research
Popular Antioxidant Seems to Spread Skin Cancer Cells in Mouse Research WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A man-made antioxidant appears to accelerate the spread of skin cancer in mice, raising questions about its safety in humans, researchers say. The antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine, is used to relieve mucus production in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), said study senior author Martin Bergo, a professor at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. It also is used as a ...
PTSD Can Affect Female Vietnam War Vets, Too: Study
PTSD Can Affect Female Vietnam War Vets, Too: Study WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Women who served in Vietnam may be at far greater risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than female military service members who were stationed in the United States during that war, a new study finds. "Because current PTSD is still present in many of these women decades after their military service, clinicians who treat them should continue to screen for PTSD symptoms and be sensitive to their noncom...
Parents Can Take Steps to Help Make Homework Less Stressful
Parents Can Take Steps to Help Make Homework Less Stressful MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Homework may be stressful for kids and parents alike, and it can be especially difficult for children with learning and behavior challenges, experts say. Parents can take steps, however, to make homework less of a burden for the entire family, said education specialist Barbara Resnick, of the Family Institute at Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill. "Establish a routine for homework, and dedicate a s...
Poor, Minorities Spend More Time Waiting for Medical Care
Poor, Minorities Spend More Time Waiting for Medical Care MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- While almost everyone complains about the time it takes to see their doctor, the problem is even worse for minorities and poor people, according to new research. Blacks and Hispanics spend approximately 25 percent more time seeking health care than whites. People also spend more time in a doc's waiting room if they're unemployed, in a low-paying job or never attended college, the study found. Researchers s...
Psoriasis, Depression Often Go Hand in Hand: Study
Psoriasis, Depression Often Go Hand in Hand: Study THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Regardless of severity, patients with the often disfiguring skin condition psoriasis face an elevated risk for depression, new research suggests. The depression risk may be driven more by concerns about appearance than by the actual status of the skin, said study author Dr. Roger Ho, an assistant professor in the department of dermatology at New York University School of Medicine. "One small area of [psoriasis]...
Preschoolers Can Learn Heart-Healthy Lifestyles
Preschoolers Can Learn Heart-Healthy Lifestyles MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests it's never too early to learn healthy eating and exercise habits to reduce the future risk of heart problems. How early? As young as 3 years old, researchers say. "There is a need for a complete change in the timing of when we deliver care," senior study author Dr. Valentin Fuster, a professor of medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, said in a news...
Protein S (Blood)
Protein S (Blood) What is this test? This test measures levels of protein S, a protein in the blood that helps prevent blood clots. Protein S works along with another protein in the blood, called protein C, to help your blood clot normally. If you don't have enough protein S in your blood, you have a condition called a protein S deficiency. This means that your blood may clot too much. Protein S deficiency is usually an inherited condition. You can inherit the abnormal, or mutated, gene that reduces the...
Proinsulin (Blood) Does this test have other names? No. What is this test? This blood test measures proinsulin, a building block for insulin. To turn food into energy, your pancreas makes proinsulin. Proinsulin, in turn, is made into insulin and another protein called C-peptide. Problems making insulin can lead to diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, your pancreas becomes damaged and has trouble making or controlling the amount of insulin in your body. In type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body become...
Preventing MRSA in Athletes
Preventing MRSA in Athletes Drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (staph) infections are a hazard for athletes of all ages. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus , commonly known as MRSA, is a type of bacterial infection resistant to common antibiotics such as penicillin. These staph bacteria most often cause minor skin infections in young athletes, but if untreated, it may invade the bloodstream and become a life-threatening infection. Millions of people see their doctor for MRSA skin infections e...
Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS
Preventing Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS HIV attacks the cells of your body's immune system. You need a strong immune system to fight off germs like bacteria and viruses, so having HIV may give those germs a better opportunity to make you sick. When germs take advantage of your weakened defense system, they are called opportunistic infections. Opportunistic infections that other people might fight off easily could make you really sick if you have HIV. Getting one or more of these infections could...
Patient-Controlled Analgesia Pumps
Patient-Controlled Analgesia Pumps Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is a method of pain management that allows you to decide when you will get a dose of pain medicine. In some situations, PCA may be a better way of providing pain relief than calling for someone — typically a nurse — to administer pain medicine. You don't need to wait for a nurse, and you can get smaller doses of pain medicine more often. With this type of pain treatment, a needle attached to an intravenous (IV) line is placed into 1 o...
Palliative Care Methods for Controlling Pain
Palliative Care Methods for Controlling Pain Palliative care is used to manage a disease or medical condition that is serious or life-threatening, primarily by easing pain and other associated physical, emotional, or psychosocial symptoms. Palliative care also eases other distressing symptoms, like depression, anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, and shortness of breath. Palliative care provides advanced care planning and a support system to help you live a life that is as active, fulfilling, and as pain-free as...
Pregnancy and Oral Health
Pregnancy and Oral Health Throughout pregnancy, women may worry about their waistlines and fret about food. You take prenatal vitamins, see your healthcare provider often, get regular exercise, and avoid alcohol and smoking — all in the name of a healthy pregnancy. And, ultimately, a healthy baby. Something you might not associate with a healthy pregnancy is dental care. But regular dental checkups and cleanings, along with brushing and flossing often, are important for a healthy mouth and a healthy pre...
Palliative Care: Bringing Comfort
Palliative Care: Bringing Comfort When people hear the term palliative care , many assume that it's a treatment only for someone who is dying. But palliative care can also be used to bring physical and emotional comfort to anyone with a serious illness. Palliative care can benefit any patient at any age. And any stage of his or her illness. Overview Palliative care focuses on improving a patient’s quality of life by improving the symptoms of his or her illness, like pain, shortness of breath, and diffic...
Pregnancy and Posture
Pregnancy and Posture Why is good posture important in pregnancy? Much of the back pain experienced throughout pregnancy is related to the strain on your back from the weight of your growing baby. Using proper posture can help prevent and even relieve some of the pain. Here are some tips to help you maintain good posture in various positions. What is proper posture during pregnancy? When your body is in alignment — when you use proper posture — you can imagine a straight line running from your ears to y...
Pregnancy and Skin Changes
Pregnancy and Skin Changes For many women, pregnancy brings glowing skin, rosy cheeks, and shiny hair. Others, however, can experience skin changes that aren’t so attractive, including acne, dark spots, and stretch marks. Here are some of the common skin conditions in pregnancy, along with some practical tips on managing those that can be troublesome. Acne Increased blood flow and oil production are the factors behind the radiant pregnancy glow. That radiance sometimes comes with a price, as the increas...
Poliomyelitis Previous generations of Americans had reason to fear poliomyelitis, most often called polio. The disease, which is spread by a virus, can leave people paralyzed. The disease is now rare in the U.S. because of a vaccine against the virus. The only countries where polio continues as an ongoing problem are India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria. Some people do get it while traveling to a region where the disease still occurs. Facts about disease The disease is spread through the feces or m...
Portal Hypertension Portal hypertension is high blood pressure of the portal vein. The portal vein is in your stomach. It collects nutrient-rich blood from your intestines and carries it to the liver. The liver cleans the blood for your body to use. When you have portal hypertension, the increased pressure means it is harder for the blood from the liver to flow through the portal vein to travel back to the heart. This means it has to use smaller veins in the esophagus, stomach, and intestines. The body ...
Pancreas Transplantation Pancreas transplantation is a type of surgery in which you receive a healthy donor pancreas. A pancreas transplant is an option for some people with type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing the hormone insulin. The usual treatment for type 1 diabetes involves daily injections of insulin. During a pancreas transplant, you’ll receive a healthy pancreas from a donor who has died. If you have kidney failure from your diabetes, y...
Pneumoconiosis Pneumoconiosis is one of a group of interstitial lung diseases caused by breathing in certain kinds of dust particles that damage your lungs. Because you are likely to encounter these dusts only in the workplace, pneumoconiosis is called an occupational lung disease. Pneumoconiosis usually take years to develop. Because your lungs can't get rid of all these dust particles, they cause inflammation in your lungs that can eventually lead to scar tissue. Types of pneumoconiosis The disease ap...
Pregnancy and Heartburn
Pregnancy and Heartburn Chances are good that you’re 1 of many pregnant women who experience the churning and burning of heartburn or acid indigestion. It typically hits somewhere in the second or third trimester, and it can be miserable. Heartburn doesn’t really mean your heart is burning, but it’s a good description of the discomfort that begins behind the breastbone. It then moves upward to the neck and throat. Officially, heartburn is known as gastroesophageal reflux, when acidic stomach juices or f...
Papillomavirus Vaccine for injection
Papillomavirus Vaccine for injection What is this medicine? HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS VACCINE (HYOO muhn pap uh LOH muh vahy ruhs vak SEEN) is a vaccine. It is used to prevent infections of four types of the human papillomavirus. In women, the vaccine may lower your risk of getting cervical, vaginal, vulvar, or anal cancer and genital warts. In men, the vaccine may lower your risk of getting genital warts and anal cancer. You cannot get these diseases from the vaccine. This vaccine does not treat these disea...
Pramlintide Acetate Solution for injection
Pramlintide Acetate Solution for injection What is this medicine? PRAMLINTIDE (PRAM lin tide) is a man-made form of a hormone normally found in the body. It is used to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults. This medicine works with insulin to control blood sugar. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. You will be taught how to prepare and give this medicine. Use exactly as directed. Do not mix this medicine with insulin in the same syringe. Take this medicine...
Poliovirus Vaccine for injection
Poliovirus Vaccine for injection What is this medicine? INACTIVATED POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, IPV (in AK tuh vey ted POH lee oh vahy ruhs vak SEEN) is used to prevent infections of polio. How should I use this medicine? This vaccine is for injection into a muscle or under the skin. It is given by a health care professional. A copy of Vaccine Information Statements will be given before each vaccination. Read this sheet carefully each time. The sheet may change frequently. Talk to your pediatrician regarding th...
Palonosetron Hydrochloride Solution for injection
Palonosetron Hydrochloride Solution for injection What is this medicine? PALONOSETRON (pal oh NOE se tron) is used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. It also helps prevent delayed nausea and vomiting that may occur a few days after your treatment. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for infusion into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug ...
Pegfilgrastim (E. coli) Solution for injection
Pegfilgrastim (E. coli) Solution for injection What is this medicine? PEGFILGRASTIM (peg fil GRA stim) is a long-acting granulocyte colony-stimulating factor that stimulates the growth of neutrophils, a type of white blood cell important in the body's fight against infection. It is used to reduce the incidence of fever and infection in patients with certain types of cancer who are receiving chemotherapy that affects the bone marrow. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under th...
Prazosin Hydrochloride Oral capsule
Prazosin Hydrochloride Oral capsule What is this medicine? PRAZOSIN (PRA zoe sin) is an antihypertensive. It works by relaxing the blood vessels. It is used to treat high blood pressure. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on the advice of your doctor or health care professional. Talk to your pe...
Peginterferon Alfa-2b (E. coli) Solution for injection
Peginterferon Alfa-2b (E. coli) Solution for injection What is this medicine? PEGINTERFERON ALFA-2b (peg in ter FEER on AL fa 2 b) is a man-made drug that acts like a protein made by the body. It is used to treat chronic hepatitis C infections. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection under the skin. Do NOT shake this medicine. You will be taught how to prepare and give this medicine. Use exactly as directed. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more o...
Propylthiouracil Oral tablet
Propylthiouracil Oral tablet What is this medicine? PROPYLTHIOURACIL (PTU) (proe pill thye oh YOOR a sill) lowers the amount of thyroid hormone made by the thyroid gland. It treats hyperthyroidism (where the thyroid gland makes too much hormone). It also is used before thyroid surgery or radioactive iodine treatment. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than...
Prednisolone Oral syrup
Prednisolone Oral syrup What is this medicine? PREDNISOLONE (pred NISS oh lone) is a corticosteroid. It is used to treat inflammation of the skin, joints, lungs, and other organs. Common conditions treated include asthma, allergies, and arthritis. It is also used for other conditions, such as blood disorders and diseases of the adrenal glands. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Use a specially marked spoon or dropper to measure your dose. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have ...
Prednisolone Oral tablet
Prednisolone Oral tablet What is this medicine? PREDNISOLONE (pred NISS oh lone) is a corticosteroid. It is commonly used to treat inflammation of the skin, joints, lungs, and other organs. Common conditions treated include asthma, allergies, and arthritis. It is also used for other conditions, such as blood disorders and diseases of the adrenal glands. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take it with food or...
Prostate Cancer Treatment
Prostate Cancer One in five men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime. Find out about diagnostic tests available, as well as recommended treatments.
Pacemaker Insertion Procedure overview What is a pacemaker insertion? A pacemaker insertion is the implantation of a small electronic device that is usually placed in the chest (just below the collarbone) to help regulate slow electrical problems with the heart. A pacemaker may be recommended to ensure that the heartbeat does not slow to a dangerously low rate. Click image to enlarge The heart's electrical system The heart is basically a pump made up of muscle tissue that is stimulated by electrical cur...
Pap Test (Pap Smear, Pap Screening, Papanicolaou Test) Procedure overview What is a Pap test? A Pap test, named after Dr. George Papanicolaou who designed the test, is a screening test to collect and microscopically examine cells taken from the cervix, the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb) located between the bladder and the rectum. The cervix forms a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body. With a Pap test, cells can be collected from the vagina as well as the cer...
Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs, Pulmonary Function Studies, Lung Function Studies/Tests, Airflow Assessment) Procedure overview What are pulmonary function tests? Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive diagnostic tests that provide measurable feedback about the function of the lungs. By assessing lung volumes, capacities, rates of flow, and gas exchange, PFTs provide information that, when evaluated by your doctor, can help diagnosis certain lung disorders. A normally-functioning pulmonary syst...
Pulmonary Angiogram (Angiogram-Pulmonary, Pulmonary Angiography, Pulmonary Arteriogram, Pulmonary Arteriography, Angiogram of the Lungs) Procedure overview What is a pulmonary angiogram? An angiogram, also called an arteriogram, is an X-ray image of the blood vessels. It is performed to evaluate various vascular conditions, such as an aneurysm (ballooning of a blood vessel), stenosis (narrowing of a blood vessel), or blockages. A pulmonary angiogram is an angiogram of the blood vessels of the lungs. A p...
Pleural Biopsy (Biopsy-Pleural, Percutaneous Pleural Biopsy) Procedure overview A biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue or cells from the body for examination under a microscope. A pleural biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of the pleura (the membrane that surrounds the lungs) is removed with a special biopsy needle or during surgery to determine if infection, cancer, or another condition is present. There are three types of pleural biopsies: Needle biopsy. After a local anesthetic is gi...
Peak Flow Measurement
Peak Flow Measurement (Peak Flow Meter, PFM, Peak Expiratory Flow Measurement) Procedure overview What is peak flow measurement? Peak flow measurement is a procedure in which air flowing out of the lungs is measured. The measurement obtained is called the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), or peak expiratory flow (PEF). Peak flow measurement may be obtained using a spirometer, an instrument with a mouth piece that measures the amount of air breathed in and/or out and the rate at which the air is inhaled ...
Pancreas Scan (Pancreas Scintigraphy) Procedure overview What is a pancreas scan? A pancreas scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to assess the pancreas for the presence of a specific type of tumor. A pancreas scan is a type of nuclear radiology procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance is used during the procedure to assist in the examination of the pancreas. A pancreas scan may also be used to treat certain malignant tumors of the pancreas. In many nuclear medicine ...
Posterior Urethral Valves
Posterior Urethral Valves What are posterior urethral valves (PUV)? PUV is an abnormality of the urethra, which is the tube that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body for elimination. The abnormality occurs when the urethral valves, which are small leaflets of tissue, have a narrow, slit-like opening that partially impedes urine outflow. Reverse flow occurs and can affect all of the urinary tract organs including the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys. The organs of the urinary tr...
Protein Restriction for Children
Protein Restriction for Children Protein requirements for children with renal failure The body uses protein from foods to grow and repair cells. With kidney failure, your child will need to avoid excess protein. The kidneys may not be able to get rid of the waste products that come from eating too much protein. However, it is also important for your child to get enough protein for proper growth and nutrition. Your child's weight, medical condition, type of treatment, and laboratory values will be factor...
Potassium Restriction for Children
Potassium Restriction for Children Potassium requirements for children with renal failure Potassium is very important to the body, but too much potassium in the blood can be harmful. When your child's kidneys do not work well, too much potassium can build up in the blood. Your child's body receives potassium from the foods he or she eats. If your child is having trouble maintaining a normal potassium level, it may be necessary to limit or avoid foods with high amounts of potassium. What foods are high i...
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic Kidney Disease What is polycystic kidney disease (PKD)? Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. PKD cysts can reduce kidney function, leading to kidney failure. People with PKD can also have cysts in the liver and problems in other organs, such as the heart and blood vessels in the brain. PKD is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure and affects approximately 600,000 people in the U.S., according to th...
Phosphorus Restriction for Children
Phosphorus Restriction for Children Controlling phosphorus in your child's diet Most children with kidney (renal) failure need to limit the amount of phosphorus in foods they eat. The kidneys help remove excess phosphorus from your child's body. If the kidneys are not working well, excess phosphorus builds up in the bloodstream and can cause calcium to leave the bones. This can make your child's bones weak and easy to break. What foods are high in phosphorus? The following foods are high in phosphorous ...
Prune Belly Syndrome
Prune Belly Syndrome What is prune belly syndrome? Prune belly syndrome is also known as triad syndrome or Eagle-Barrett syndrome. It is characterized by a triad of abnormalities that include: Absence or severe weakness of abdominal muscles Undescended testicles (a condition seen in newborns whereby one [or both] of the male testes has not passed down into the scrotal sac) An abnormal, expanded bladder and problems in the upper urinary tract, which may include the bladder, ureters, and kidneys Because t...
Phimosis and Paraphimosis
Phimosis and Paraphimosis What is phimosis and paraphimosis? Phimosis is a constriction of the opening of the foreskin so that it can't be drawn back over the tip of the penis. This condition is a normal occurrence in the newborn boy, but over time the skin that adheres to the tip of the penis can be retracted as the foreskin loosens. By age 17, around 99% of males will be able to completely retract their foreskin. Phimosis can also occur if the foreskin is forced back before it is ready. This can cause...
Preparing the Toddler for Surgery
Preparing the Toddler for Surgery What part about surgery is most stressful for a toddler? Toddlers can certainly benefit from preoperative planning, education, and explanations. This preparation should take place a day or two before surgery since preparation too far in advance can produce more anxiety. Recognizing what is stressful to your toddler while in the hospital can guide you in preparing him or her for the surgical experience. Common stressors and fears in the hospital may include the following...
Preparing the Teenager for Surgery
Preparing the Teenager for Surgery What part about surgery is most stressful for a teenager? Adolescents like to be active participants in deciding what happens to them, including the kind of care they receive. Parents need to act as partners with their teens in making health care decisions. Recognizing the fears that teenagers commonly have when going to a hospital will help you in your preparations. Common fears and concerns may include the following: Loss of control Being away from school and friends...
Preparing Siblings for Surgery
Preparing Siblings for Surgery Preparing siblings when a brother or sister is having surgery When your child goes to the hospital, brothers and sisters may feel afraid, worried, or confused. They are often afraid simply because they do not know what to expect, and may imagine the worst. They will also have to deal with being away from one or both parents, missing their brother or sister, or having to stay with other family or friends. The following are some of the common feelings siblings may have durin...
Preparing the Preschooler for Surgery
Preparing the Preschooler for Surgery What part about surgery is most stressful for a preschool child? Preschool-aged children can certainly benefit from preoperative planning, education, and explanations. This preparation should take place several days before the procedure, to give your preschool child time to prepare. Recognizing what is stressful to your preschool child while in the hospital can guide you in preparing him or her for the surgical experience. Common stressors and fears in the hospital ...
Preparing the Infant for Surgery
Preparing the Infant for Surgery What part about surgery is most stressful for an infant? Infants are too young to benefit from preoperative planning, education, and explanations. However, recognizing what is stressful to infants can guide you in planning for your baby's surgery. Things that are stressful to infants in the hospital may include the following: Separation from parents Having many different caregivers Seeing strange sights, sounds, and smells New and different routines Interrupted sleep Day...
Preparing a Child for Surgery
Preparing a Child for Surgery Being in the hospital can be upsetting for your child, as well as for the whole family. Recognizing the common fears that your child has at each stage of growth and development can help you in preparing him or her for the experience ahead. Some of the ways to prepare include the following: Become as knowledgeable as possible about the surgery planned for your child. Be truthful with any information. Answer your child's questions truthfully, according to his or her age and d...
Preparing the School-Aged Child for Surgery
Preparing the School-Aged Child for Surgery What part about surgery is most stressful for a school-aged child? School-aged children can benefit from preoperative planning, education, and explanations. This preparation should take place a week or two before surgery since preparation too far in advance can produce more anxiety. Recognizing what is stressful to your school-aged child while in the hospital can guide you in preparing him or her for the surgical experience. Common stressors and fears in the h...
Preoperative Visit with the Surgeon
Preoperative Visit with the Surgeon Caring for your child when surgery is not planned in advance If your child requires emergency surgery, there is limited time to prepare yourself and your child. The news can be a total surprise, and the urgent nature of the procedure can be very frightening. The most important thing parents can do is to remain calm, reassure their child, and ask as many questions as necessary to understand the situation. Preparing for the preoperative visit For elective or required su...
Preoperative Management for Children
Preoperative Management for Children Listed in the directory below is some additional information regarding preoperative management for your child having surgery, for which we have provided a brief overview. Preoperative Visit with the Surgeon Hospital Visit / Preoperative Clinic Blood Transfusions Latex Allergy Informed Consent
Play Therapy What is play therapy? Play therapy is used to help meet the emotional needs of children who have an illness or surgery that requires hospitalization. Being in the hospital can be stressful for children and their families. Children may feel scared, confused, and out of control. Play therapy is used to help children understand and cope with illness, surgery, hospitalization, treatments, and procedures. What is the goal of play therapy? The goal of play therapy is to provide a family-centered ...
Pain Control After Your Child's Surgery Will my child be in pain after surgery? After surgery, there may be physical causes of pain, but the sensation of pain also depends on many mental and emotional factors. Knowing how much pain your child has can be a challenge. Your child's health care team may use a scale of 0 to 10 or illustrations of faces to help your child describe pain. Many hospitals have an acute pain service (APS) team that will help manage your child's pain while in the hospital. The heal...
Postoperative Care Postoperative care lasts from the time your child enters the recovery room until discharge from the hospital. The length of this phase depends on the type of surgery and your child's medical condition. Most children with minor surgical procedures may be discharged the same day of the procedure. Major surgeries will require longer recovery times and, perhaps, a stay in intensive care. During this time, it will be helpful to become familiar with the normal discomforts that your child ma...
Preventing Falls Falls are the most common cause of injury visits to the emergency room for young children. Falls cause more open wounds, fractures, and brain injuries than any other cause. Most falls occur at home, but the playground is another spot for spills. Taking certain safety measures can prevent a fall for your child. Furniture Infants are more likely to fall from furniture. Babies who are left unsupervised on top of beds, changing tables, and even couches, can roll off. Make sure to: Never lea...
Pneumonia in Children
Pneumonia in Children What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection or inflammation in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid. Lobar pneumonia . This affects one or more sections (lobes) of the lungs. Bronchial pneumonia (or bronchopneumonia). This affects patches throughout both lungs. Click Image to Enlarge What are the different types of pneumonia? The main types of pneumonia are: Bacterial pneumon...
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2500 South Woodworth Loop, Palmer, AK 99645
Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.