New Clues to How Colds Can Spur Asthma Attacks
New Clues to How Colds Can Spur Asthma Attacks WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have pinpointed a molecule that may trigger potentially life-threatening asthma attacks brought on by colds. The researchers say this finding could offer a target for new drugs to be developed to treat these attacks. Most asthma attacks (80 percent to 90 percent) are caused by viruses that infected the airways, according to the British researchers. Most of these are rhinoviruses, which are the main caus...
Nutrition and Renal Failure
Nutrition and Renal Failure The kidneys are responsible for many functions in the body. They help control the body's fluid and electrolyte (mineral) balance and also help the body remove waste products (products that the body cannot use). When the kidneys are not functioning properly, these waste products can build up in the body and make your child feel sick. This can cause your child to have a poor appetite, which can contribute to poor growth and development. The goal of the diet for children with re...
Newborn Immunizations Childhood diseases in the United States are near an all-time low. Government experts say this is because of vaccinations. But some viruses and bacteria are still around and can cause serious illness. This is why all children, especially infants and young children, get the recommended shots on schedule. Many diseases that are controlled by vaccinations in the US are not controlled in other countries. Travelers sometimes bring those diseases to the U.S. This causes children here to b...
Normal Newborn Behaviors and Activities
Normal Newborn Behaviors and Activities It is exciting for new parents to watch their newborn's behaviors and activities. However, in some cases, the absence or presence of a behavior or activity may indicate a problem. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding a normal newborn's behaviors and activities, for which we have provided a brief overview. Newborn - Reflexes Newborn - Sleep Patterns Newborn - Senses Newborn - Crying
Neurological Conditions and Pregnancy
Neurological Conditions and Pregnancy Many neurological conditions affect a pregnancy and require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. About the Nervous System Migraine Headache Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis
Nose and Throat Disorders
Nose and Throat Disorders Many nose and throat disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which we have provided a brief overview. Anatomy and Physiology of the Nose and Throat Common Childhood Nose and Throat Illnesses
Noninfectious Skin Conditions
Noninfectious Skin Conditions Many different noninfectious skin conditions require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Dermatitis Acne Drug Rashes Poison Ivy/Poison Oak Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
Nasal Surgery What is nasal surgery? Nasal surgery includes any surgery performed on the outside or inside of the nose. A common type of reconstructive and cosmetic surgery, nasal surgery may be performed to accomplish the following: Improve breathing Correct congenital or acquired deformities Change size or shape of nose (cosmetic) Repair nasal injuries What are the different types of nasal surgery? The following are some of the different types of nasal surgery: Septoplasty. Septoplasty is the surgical...
New Colorectal Cancer Screening Test Approved
New Colorectal Cancer Screening Test Approved TUESDAY, Aug. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A screening test for colorectal cancer that can detect red blood cells and abnormal DNA in a person's stool has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The noninvasive Cologuard test can be performed at home and has shown more than 90 percent accuracy in clinical trials, the agency said in a news release. Colorectal cancer, the second-leading cause of cancer death in the United States behind lung can...
New Technique Protects Tissue Transplant From Rejection: Study
New Technique Protects Tissue Transplant From Rejection: Study WEDNESDAY, Aug. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new technique for delivering anti-rejection drugs directly to the site of a tissue graft transplant is effective, lasts for months and is safer than drugs that suppress the entire immune system, a new study indicates. After a patient receives a tissue graft transplant -- typically on the hand, arm, leg or face -- they start taking drugs to prevent their immune system from rejecting and attacking...
New Cancer Classification System Might Boost Patient Outcomes
New Cancer Classification System Might Boost Patient Outcomes THURSDAY, Aug. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Changes to the way cancers are classified could lead to more accurate diagnoses and perhaps more effective treatments in about one in 10 cancer patients, new research suggests. Typically, cancers are categorized according to the tissue in which they originated, such as breast, bladder or kidney cancer. But tissues are composed of different types of cells. In this study, researchers who analyzed more ...
No Link Between Sleep Apnea, Cancer, Study Finds
No Link Between Sleep Apnea, Cancer, Study Finds TUESDAY, Aug. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Canadian researchers have found no apparent connection between sleep apnea and cancer in a new study of more than 10,000 people with this common sleep disorder. People with sleep apnea experience repeated periods of disrupted breathing during sleep. Studies suggesting a link between the condition and cancer risk theorized that low oxygen levels might trigger cell mutations connected with cancer. "We were not able ...
Need to Spot a Narcissist? Just Ask Them
Need to Spot a Narcissist? Just Ask Them TUESDAY, Aug. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Self-absorbed narcissists can ruin your day, but a new study suggests an easy way to detect one: Just ask. That's because truly narcissistic people don't see the character trait as a flaw and are more than willing to admit to it, say researchers from Ohio State University. "People who are narcissists are almost proud of the fact," study co-author Brad Bushman, a professor of communication and psychology. "You can ask them...
No TV or Obesity, But Ancient People Still Had Heart Disease
No TV or Obesity, But Ancient People Still Had Heart Disease THURSDAY, July 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- They may not have had fast food, TVs or cigarettes, but people of ancient times commonly developed clogged heart arteries -- and a new research review speculates on some reasons why. Using CT scans of mummified remains from ancient Egypt, Peru, the Aleutian Islands and the American Southwest, researchers have found evidence of widespread atherosclerosis -- the hardening of heart arteries from fatty s...
No Change in Heart Attack Rates for Younger U.S. Adults
No Change in Heart Attack Rates for Younger U.S. Adults MONDAY, July 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Despite recent advances in preventing heart attacks among U.S. seniors, those gains don't seem to have occurred among middle-aged adults -- especially women, a new study reports. Heart attack hospitalization rates among young and middle-aged adults have remained stable during the previous decade, even as seniors of Medicare age experienced a better than 20 percent decline in heart attacks, the Yale Universi...
Niacin Doesn't Reduce Heart Problems, May Create Some, Research Finds
Niacin Doesn't Reduce Heart Problems, May Create Some, Research Finds WEDNESDAY, July 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Niacin, a commonly used cholesterol treatment, doesn't reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke in people with hardened arteries. What's more, the drug appears to have dangerous side effects, including a potential increased risk of death, according to new research. A large-scale clinical trial found that although niacin slightly improved levels of "good" HDL cholesterol, it didn't seem to ...
New Eczema Drug Shows Promise in Early Trials
New Eczema Drug Shows Promise in Early Trials THURSDAY, July 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new drug that scientists hope will relieve the debilitating itching of chronic eczema has shown promising results in early trials. Dupilumab, which is injected, interferes with the activity of two key proteins that play a critical role in the inflammatory processes that fuel eczema. A common skin disease, the intense itching and red lesions that are the hallmarks of eczema can become severe enough to lead to skin...
New Psoriasis Drug Shows Promise in Trials
New Psoriasis Drug Shows Promise in Trials WEDNESDAY, July 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new psoriasis drug delivered dramatic results in two clinical trials, perhaps heralding an effective new treatment for patients with the chronic skin disease. The drug, secukinumab, was stacked up against an inactive placebo and one of the best psoriasis medications on the market. "Over a quarter of patients have not a dot of psoriasis left," said study co-author Dr. Mark Lebwohl, chairman of dermatology at the Icah...
No CDC Lab Workers Seem Sickened by Anthrax: Report
No CDC Lab Workers Seem Sickened by Anthrax: Report TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- None of the dozens of staffers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta potentially exposed to anthrax last month has gotten sick, agency officials reported Monday. The CDC said staffers at three of its laboratories had been provided antibiotics "out of an abundance of caution" following a breakdown in safety procedures, the Associated Press reported. Agency officials said anthrax spore...
Nursing Home Care May Be Out of Reach for Many Aging 'Boomers': Study
Nursing Home Care May Be Out of Reach for Many Aging 'Boomers': Study MONDAY, June 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- With higher rates of illness but fewer adult children to care for them, many of America's baby boom generation may find themselves unable to pay for the nursing home care they need, a new study warns. Already, a growing number of older Americans are developing chronic diseases but can't cover the costs of long-term care in a nursing facility, the U.S. National Institute on Aging-funded report ...
Numbing Medications Can Harm Teething Babies, FDA Warns
Numbing Medications Can Harm Teething Babies, FDA Warns THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teething infants can come to serious harm or even death from certain "gum-numbing" medications, according to a new warning from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The agency said Wednesday that local anesthetics known as viscous lidocaine, or benzocaine-containing teething products, should never be used for teething children, except under the advice and supervision of a health care professional. Visco...
Nearsightedness Linked to More Schooling
Nearsightedness Linked to More Schooling FRIDAY, June 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of education are associated with a greater risk for nearsightedness, according to new research. People who are nearsighted have trouble seeing things in the distance. The researchers said this is the first population-based study to suggest that environmental factors may be more important than genetics in the development of nearsightedness, formally known as myopia. For the study, the researchers looked at mo...
New Blood Test May Help Detect Heart Transplant Rejection
New Blood Test May Help Detect Heart Transplant Rejection WEDNESDAY, June 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've developed a blood test that can detect heart transplant rejection weeks or months earlier than previously possible. The test looks for increasing amounts of the heart donor's DNA in the blood of the transplant recipient. Unlike a biopsy, this noninvasive test does not require removal of any heart tissue, Stanford University researchers said. "This test appears to be safer, cheap...
Number of Induced Labors Falling in U.S., CDC Says
Number of Induced Labors Falling in U.S., CDC Says WEDNESDAY, June 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- After almost two decades of steady increases, the number of U.S. infants born early due to induced labor and C-section has declined in recent years, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rates of induced labor declined across the board since 2006 for expectant mothers at 35 to 38 weeks of gestation, with the greatest decline at 38 weeks, researchers with the CDC's Nati...
No Sign That ADHD Meds Raise Suicide Risk: Study
No Sign That ADHD Meds Raise Suicide Risk: Study FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drugs used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not increase the risk of suicide attempts or suicide, and may actually provide a protective effect, a new study suggests. Prior research had hinted that ADHD drugs might raise the risk of suicidal behavior, according to the authors of the new report. However, they believe that the findings of those studies were questionable due to their studies...
New Clues to Why Blacks Fare Worse With Colon Cancer
New Clues to Why Blacks Fare Worse With Colon Cancer MONDAY, June 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks with colon cancer are about half as likely as whites to get a type of colon cancer that has a better chance of survival, a new study says. This may be one of the reasons why blacks are more likely to die of colon cancer than whites, the researchers said. Researchers analyzed information from 503 patients in the North Carolina Colon Cancer Study. They found that 7 percent of blacks and 14 percent of whit...
Neanderthal Poop Yields Clues to Early Man's Diet
Neanderthal Poop Yields Clues to Early Man's Diet WEDNESDAY, June 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Samples of 50,000-year-old feces from Neanderthals in Spain offer new insight into the diet of man's extinct human cousins, a new study says. While meat was their main source of food, the Neanderthals ate more vegetables than previously thought, an analysis of so-called biomarkers from the fecal samples suggests. The five specimens found in El Salt may be the oldest known human fecal matter, the researchers sa...
Natural Conception Later in Life Tied to Longer Life for Women
Natural Conception Later in Life Tied to Longer Life for Women WEDNESDAY, June 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Women who naturally have babies after age 33 tend to live longer than those who had their last child before age 30, a new study finds. This may be because gene variations that enable women to have babies at a later age may also be tied to living longer lives, the Boston University School of Medicine researchers said. "If a woman has those variants, she is able to reproduce and bear children for a ...
New Drug May Treat Constipation Caused by Strong Painkillers
New Drug May Treat Constipation Caused by Strong Painkillers MONDAY, June 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new drug holds promise as a safe and effective treatment for constipation caused by prescription narcotic painkillers, new research states. Constipation is a common side effect experienced by patients taking these powerful medications for chronic pain. When laxatives failed to provide relief, two phase 3 trials found the once-daily drug naloxegol could help. "The studies showed rapid and sustained imp...
New Approaches to Acne Treatment
New Approaches to Acne Treatment MONDAY, June 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- No cure exists for acne yet, but new treatments make this common scourge of adolescence easier to manage, dermatologists say. "Things are so much better today because there are so many more options for treating acne," said Dr. Sarah Taylor, a dermatologist at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, N.C. "The prescription world has really changed in the past 10 years or so. We're much better equipped to deal with all d...
New Hemophilia Remedy Offers Potential for Fewer Injections
New Hemophilia Remedy Offers Potential for Fewer Injections MONDAY, June 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Eloctate, Antihemophilic Factor Fc Fusion has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for people with Hemophilia A. It's designed to require less frequent injections than standard therapies used to reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes in people with the disorder, the FDA said in a news release. Hemophilia A is an inherited bleeding disorder that affects mostly males. Caused by a defec...
No Drop in Smokeless Tobacco Use Among U.S. Workers: CDC
No Drop in Smokeless Tobacco Use Among U.S. Workers: CDC THURSDAY, June 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cigarette smoking continues to decline among Americans who work, but use of smokeless tobacco -- a known cause of cancer -- has held steady since 2005, U.S. health officials reported Thursday. Certain types of jobs -- construction and mining, especially -- are hotbeds of smokeless tobacco use, according to a study conducted by the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Looking at toba...
New Test Helps Doctors ID Kidney Disease Cause
New Test Helps Doctors ID Kidney Disease Cause MONDAY, June 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new test that helps doctors identify the cause of a specific type of kidney disease has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) damages blood vessels in the kidneys that help filter the blood. Some cases are caused by the body's rejection of its own kidney tissue (autoimmune), while the rest are triggered by other causes such as infection, the FDA said in a news r...
New Drug May Boost Survival for Advanced Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
New Drug May Boost Survival for Advanced Prostate Cancer Patients: Study MONDAY, June 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A pill that blocks male hormone activity can improve survival and delay the need for chemotherapy in men with advanced prostate cancer, a new clinical trial has found. Men who took a daily dose of the drug enzalutamide started chemotherapy nearly a year and a half later than men who received a placebo, even though their prostate cancer had spread to other parts of their bodies, said senior s...
Number of Cancer Survivors Will Reach 19 Million in Next Decade: Report
Number of Cancer Survivors Will Reach 19 Million in Next Decade: Report SUNDAY, June 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of cancer survivors in the United States will rise from the current 14.5 million to nearly 19 million by 2024, a new report predicts. Cancer rates have been falling for 10 years, but the number of cancer survivors is rising due to factors such as earlier detection and better treatments, the American Cancer Society said. "The growing number of cancer survivors in the U.S. makes it i...
New Approach May Boost Survival From Advanced Prostate Cancer
New Approach May Boost Survival From Advanced Prostate Cancer SUNDAY, June 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Adding the chemotherapy drug docetaxel to standard hormone-depleting therapy may extend the lives of men with advanced prostate cancer, a new study finds. The study was to be presented Sunday in Chicago at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). "Hormone therapy has been a standard treatment for prostate cancer since the 1950s," lead author Christopher Sweeney, a medical...
Natural Blondes May Have 1 Gene to Thank
Natural Blondes May Have 1 Gene to Thank SUNDAY, June 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Blondes may or may not have more fun, but one thing's now clear: They do have something special in their genes. New research reveals how a single genetic tweak is enough to create blond hair in people. "This particular genetic variation in humans is associated with blond hair, but it isn't associated with eye color or other pigmentation traits," study leader David Kingsley, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator at...
Newer Anti-Estrogen Treatment May Benefit Younger Breast Cancer Survivors
Newer Anti-Estrogen Treatment May Benefit Younger Breast Cancer Survivors SUNDAY, June 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new type of anti-estrogen drug appears to work better than the estrogen-blocking drug tamoxifen in preventing recurrences of breast cancer in certain women, a new study reports. Exemestane (Aromasin), which belongs to a class of drugs called aromatase inhibitors, reduced the relative risk of breast cancer recurrence by nearly a third compared to tamoxifen. But, for exemestane to work in p...
New Drug Shows Promise for Resistant Thyroid Cancer
New Drug Shows Promise for Resistant Thyroid Cancer SATURDAY, May 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new oral drug called lenvatinib looks promising as a treatment for a type of thyroid cancer that resists standard radiation, according to a later-stage clinical trial. "We are confident that, based on our findings, lenvatinib will eventually become a standard treatment for radioiodine-resistant thyroid cancer," said study lead author Dr. Martin Schlumberger, a professor of oncology at the University Paris Su...
New Guidelines Recommend Longer Tamoxifen Treatment
New Guidelines Recommend Longer Tamoxifen Treatment TUESDAY, May 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The hormone-blocking medication tamoxifen should be given for as long as 10 years following treatment of certain types of breast cancer, according to updated guidelines from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). "Tamoxifen taken for five years has been the standard . . . but we now have evidence to recommend up to 10 years of tamoxifen for women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer," guideli...
New Campaign Seeks to Help Sleep-Deprived Americans
New Campaign Seeks to Help Sleep-Deprived Americans FRIDAY, May 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Everyone knows that to be healthy you should eat right and exercise. But now a new campaign is adding one more thing to that list: get a good night's sleep every night. "The urgency of our message cannot be overstated: Sleep is a necessity, not a luxury, and the pursuit of healthy sleep should be one of our top priorities," Dr. Safwan Badr, president of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM), said in an a...
New Dialysis Machine Treats Tiniest of Newborns
New Dialysis Machine Treats Tiniest of Newborns THURSDAY, May 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Italian researchers have successfully used a small kidney dialysis machine they invented to treat newborns with kidney failure. "We have developed a machine for neonates [newborns] who were not treatable before," said lead researcher Dr. Claudio Ronco, director of the department of nephrology at San Bortolo Hospital in Vicenza. "The neonate is so small that it requires dedicated technology," he said. "To try to tr...
No Link Found Between Low Sperm Count, Birth Defects
No Link Found Between Low Sperm Count, Birth Defects SUNDAY, May 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Having a low sperm count doesn't seem to determine whether a man's children will be born with birth defects, a new study indicates. With infertile couples, men are partially or fully responsible for the inability to conceive about 40 percent of the time. Assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization can help couples have children, but research has suggested a possible link between these appr...
Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV)
Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) (Electroneurography, EneG, Nerve Conduction Studies) Procedure overview What is nerve conduction velocity? Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test--also called a nerve conduction study (NCS)--is a measurement of the speed of conduction of an electrical impulse through a nerve. NCV can determine nerve damage and destruction. During the test, the nerve is stimulated, usually with surface electrode patches attached to the skin. Two electrodes are placed on the skin over the ner...
Newborn Multiples Care of multiple birth babies Often, multiples are born small and early. They may be initially cared for in a special care nursery called the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In the NICU The NICU combines advanced technology and trained health care professionals to provide specialized care for the tiniest patients. NICUs may also have intermediate or continuing care areas for babies who are not as sick but do need specialized nursing care. Some hospitals do not have the personnel o...
Neumotórax ¿Qué es el neumotórax? El neumotórax es un trastorno pulmonar en el cual el aire se fuga de los pulmones hacia espacios fuera de las vías respiratorias, a través de orificios en el tejido pulmonar. El neumotórax es un tipo de trastornos pulmonares llamados síndrome de fuga de aire. Un bebé puede tener más de una forma de fuga de aire. Los tipos de fugas de aire incluyen las siguientes: neumotórax - el aire se fuga hacia el espacio entre el tórax y los tejidos exteriores de los pulmones. neumo...
Niño en Edad Escolar (de 6 a 12 Años)
Niño en Edad Escolar (de 6 a 12 Años) Los niños en edad escolar enfrentan muchos problemas frecuentes que requieren cuidado médico por parte de un profesional de la salud. Enumerados en el directorio que aparece a continuación se encuentran algunos de ellos, para los cuales le proveemos una breve descripción. El Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad (ADHD) El Trastorno Autista (o El Autismo) Los Trastornos del Aprendizaje El Niño que se Niega a Asistir a la Escuela La Incontinencia Urinar...
Niño en Edad Preescolar (de 4 a 5 Años)
Niño en Edad Preescolar (de 4 a 5 Años) Los niños en edad preescolar enfrentan muchos problemas frecuentes que requieren cuidado médico por parte de un profesional de la salud. Enumerados en el directorio que aparece a continuación se encuentran algunos de ellos, para los cuales le proveemos una breve descripción. El Niño que Muerde La Encopresis (La Incontinencia Fecal) La Tartamudez La Succión del Pulgar
Nutrición Proporcionarle una nutrición adecuada y correcta a su hijo es fundamental para un crecimiento y desarrollo normales. En el directorio que aparece a continuación encontrará información adicional sobre los secretos de nutrición específicos para cada edad, para la cual le proveemos una breve descripción. El Bebé y la Nutrición La Guía para la Alimentación Durante el Primer Año de Vida El Retardo del Crecimiento El Niño que Empieza a Caminar y la Nutrición El Niño en Edad Preescolar y la Nutrición...
Niveles del Asma
Niveles del Asma ¿Cuáles son los distintos niveles de asma? Según lo determinaron los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (National Institutes of Health, NIH), a continuación se describen las normas utilizadas por los médicos para ayudar a determinar qué tan avanzado está el asma en su hijo. Se clasifican como "pasos", porque cada niño puede subir o bajar a diferentes niveles en cualquier momento. Los pasos son los siguientes: Paso 1 o asma intermitente leve Este grupo de niños tiene síntomas menos de 2 v...
Neurogenic Bladder in Children
Neurogenic Bladder in Children What is a neurogenic bladder? Neurogenic bladder may also be called neuropathic bladder. The muscles and nerves of the urinary system work together to hold urine in the bladder and then release it at the appropriate time. Nerves carry messages from the bladder to the brain and from the brain to the muscles of the bladder telling them either to tighten or release. In a neurogenic bladder, the nerves that are supposed to carry these messages do not work properly, essentially...
Nutrition and Nephrotic Syndrome
Nutrition and Nephrotic Syndrome Nutritional requirements for a child with nephrotic syndrome Children with nephrotic syndrome may have trouble regulating their body's water balance. This can cause fluid retention (also known as edema). The diet for a child with nephrotic syndrome may include a sodium and fluid restriction. These restrictions in the diet may help to regulate your child's fluid balance. Any food that is liquid at room temperature counts as a fluid. This includes the following: Milk, wate...
Nephrotic Syndrome in Children
Nephrotic Syndrome in Children What is nephrotic syndrome? Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by the following symptoms that result from changes that occur to the small, functional structures in the kidneys, such as: Very high levels of protein in the urine Low levels of protein in the blood due to its loss in the urine Tissue swelling all over the body (edema) especially in the abdomen (ascites) High cholesterol levels in the blood Decrease in frequency of urination Weight gain from excess fluid What ...
Nursemaid's Elbow What is nursemaid's elbow? Nursemaid's elbow occurs when the radius (one of the bones in the forearm) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint. It is a common condition in children younger than 4 years of age. It is also called pulled elbow, slipped elbow, or toddler elbow. The medical term for nursemaid's elbow is radial head subluxation. What causes nursemaid's elbow? A sudden pulling or traction on the hand or forearm, such as when a parent reaches out a...
Nutritional Requirements for a Child With Cancer
Nutritional Requirements for a Child With Cancer The importance of good nutrition Good nutrition is very important for children being treated for cancer. Children with cancer often have poor appetites due to one, or more, of the following: The hospital environment Side effects of chemotherapy and/or radiation Depression Pain when eating Changes in the way food tastes Side effects from medications Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea Poor nutrition contributes to poor growth. If a child with cancer maintains a...
Neuroblastoma What is neuroblastoma? Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor that begins in nerve tissue of infants and very young children. The abnormal cells are often found in the nerve tissue that is present in the unborn baby and later develops into a detectable tumor. Neuroblastoma is rare in children older than 10 years of age, however, it does occur occasionally in adults. The tumor usually begins in the tissues of the adrenal gland found in the abdomen, but may also begin in nerve tissue in the neck...
Newborn Care Listed in the directory below you will find information regarding newborn care. Common Procedures Newborn Health Assessment
Newborn Appearance What does a newborn look like? Parents often dream of what their new baby may look like, thinking about a pink, round, chubby-cheeked and gurgling wonder. It may be surprising for many parents to see their newborn the first time—wet and red, with a long head, and screaming—nothing at all like they had imagined. Newborns have many variations in normal appearance—from color to the shape of the head. Some of these differences are just temporary, part of the physical adjustments a baby go...
Newborn Complications There are several newborn complications that may occur and require clinical care by a doctor. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Birth Defects Birth Injuries Jaundice Hypoglycemia Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn Thrush
Newborn Warning Signs
Newborn Warning Signs What warning signs may indicate a problem with a newborn? Your newborn baby is going through many changes in getting used to life in the outside world. Almost always this adjustment goes well, however there are certain warning signs you should watch for. Some general warning signs with newborns include, but are not limited to: No urine in the first 24 hours at home. This can be difficult to assess, especially with disposable diapers. No bowel movement in the first 48 hours. A recta...
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