Grief Can Weigh on Immune System in Older Folks, Study Says
Grief Can Weigh on Immune System in Older Folks, Study Says THURSDAY, Sept. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older people become more physically vulnerable during bereavement, new research shows. That's because the balance of stress hormones during bereavement changes with age, British researchers say. As a result, older people who are grieving are more likely to have weakened immune systems and develop infections, the study found. "During the difficult weeks and months after loss, we can suffer from reduce...
Gene Research Yields Insights Into Ebola Virus
Gene Research Yields Insights Into Ebola Virus THURSDAY, Aug. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic research performed during the early days of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa has given scientists unprecedented insight into how the virus mutates and spreads. Researchers report in the Aug. 28 online issue of Science that they have now determined the following: The Ebola strains responsible for the current outbreak likely have a common ancestor, dating back to the very first recorded outbreak of Ebola in...
Gadopentetate Dimeglumine Solution for injection
Gadopentetate Dimeglumine Solution for injection What is this medicine? GADOPENTETATE DIMEGLUMINE (gad o PEN te tate) is a contrast agent. It is used to diagnose abnormalities during an MRI. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 2 years of age for selected condi...
Gamma Knife (Stereotactic radiosurgery, Gamma Knife surgery) Procedure overview What is Gamma Knife radiosurgery? Gamma Knife radiosurgery, also called stereotactic radiosurgery, is a very precise form of therapeutic radiology. Even though it is called surgery, a Gamma Knife procedure does not involve actual surgery, nor is the Gamma Knife really a knife at all. It uses beams of highly focused gamma rays to treat small- to medium-sized lesions, usually in the brain. Many beams of gamma radiation join to...
Gastric Stapling (Restrictive) Surgery Procedure
Gastric Stapling (Restrictive) Surgery Procedure (Other terms that may be used include: Gastric Banding Surgery, Adjustable Gastric Banding, Vertical Banded Gastroplasty) Procedure overview What is gastric stapling (restrictive) surgery? Gastric stapling surgery, also called gastric banding surgery, is a type of bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) procedure performed to limit the amount of food a person can eat. Bariatric surgery is the only option today that effectively treats morbid obesity in peo...
Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery
Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery (Types of bariatric surgical procedures which involve gastric bypass to some degree include: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass [RYGBP], biliopancreatic diversion [BPD], biliopancreatic diversion and duodenal switch, [BPD-DS]) Procedure overview What is gastric bypass surgery? Gastric bypass surgery, a type of bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery), is a procedure that alters the process of digestion. Bariatric surgery is the only option today that effectively treats morbid...
Genetic Disorders Associated with Congenital Heart Disease
Genetic Disorders Associated with Congenital Heart Disease Some congenital heart defects are caused by, or related to, genetic problems. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. If you cannot find the information in which you are interested, please visit the Cardiovascular Disorders Online Resources page in this website for an Internet address that may contain additional information on that topic. Down Syndrome Marfan Syndrome 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome
Gynecological Health Adolescence is a time of many changes. As girls grow into young women and become physically and sexually mature, they need additional care from physicians (adolescent medicine physicians and/or obstetricians/gynecologists) trained to address these issues. This initial visit and yearly visits thereafter are geared towards promoting good health, screening for problems in adolescent girls, and helping open the lines of communication about healthcare between the physician, parents, and ...
Gynecological Infections Many gynecological infections affect adolescent females and require the clinical care of a physician or other health care provider. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Recognizing Urologic or Gynecologic Problems Pap Test Vaginitis Vulvitis
Growth in Children
Growth in Children Growing is an essential part of childhood. Children's most dramatic growth phases occur during fetal development, the first few years of life, and at the onset of puberty. The rate at which a child grows is an individual process, based partly on heredity, gender, and environmental factors such as nutrition. However, growth can be affected and, sometimes, stopped by many disorders and diseases, including the following: Hormone deficiencies Nutritional deficiencies Intestinal disorders ...
Gynecological Concerns Many gynecological conditions require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Gynecological Anatomy The Menstrual Cycle Recognize Gynecological Symptoms Sexually Transmitted Diseases Pap Test Endometriosis Pelvic Pain Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Menstrual Conditions Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Amenorrhea Dysmenorrhea Menorrhagia Gyneco...
Gastrointestinal Conditions A healthy digestive system processes the foods and liquids that we eat, replenishing vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats that are vital for the body to function properly. From time to time, infants and children experience digestive conditions, such as vomiting or diarrhea. Listed in the directory below are some common digestive conditions in the growing child, for which we have provided a brief overview. Colic Constipation Diarrhea Reflux Inguinal Hernia
Gynecological Conditions Many different gynecological conditions require the care of a health care provider. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Recognizing Gynecologic Problems Pap Test Endometriosis Pelvic Pain Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Sexually Transmitted Diseases Safer Sex Guidelines Uterine Fibroids
Take the Germs Quiz Germs: We find them everywhere—or they find us. It seems we can't avoid them. We spend a lot of time worrying about picking them up, sharing them, and losing them. But what do we really know about germs? Take this quiz to find out. 1. Germs are most likely to thrive in this room of the house: You didn't answer this question. You answered The correct answer is The answer is the kitchen, and the key is the word "thrive." Bathrooms generally host more bacteria and germs than kitchens, b...
Getting Healthier a Big Money-Saver for People With Diabetes
Getting Healthier a Big Money-Saver for People With Diabetes THURSDAY, Aug. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Not only is eating better and exercising healthy for people with diabetes, it can save them hundreds of health-care dollars a year, a new study finds. The study, led by Mark Espeland, a professor of public health sciences at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, N.C., included more than 5,100 overweight and obese type 2 diabetes patients. Participants ranged in age from 45 to 76, and w...
Good Neighbors Are Good for Your Heart, Study Says
Good Neighbors Are Good for Your Heart, Study Says MONDAY, Aug. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Having good neighbors may reduce your heart attack risk, new research suggests. The study included more than 5,000 U.S. adults, average age 70, who were followed for four years. Sixty-two percent were married, and nearly two-thirds were women. The participants were asked to rate how much they felt like they were part of their neighborhood, if their neighbors were friendly and would help them if they got into dif...
Getting Back to School Sleep Schedules
Getting Back to School Sleep Schedules SATURDAY, Aug. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- As the new school year begins, parents need to get their children and teens back on their normal sleep routines, an expert says. Try to prevent your children from taking naps until they've adjusted to their earlier sleep and wake schedule. This will help them fall asleep more easily and sleep better through the night, Dr. Sanjeev Kothare, director of NYU Langone Medical Center's Pediatric Sleep Disorders Program, advised....
Gut Bacteria May Reveal Colon Cancer, Study Finds
Gut Bacteria May Reveal Colon Cancer, Study Finds THURSDAY, Aug. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Analyzing the composition of people's collection of gut bacteria -- also called the gut microbiome -- can help improve identification of those who are at risk for, or already have, colon cancer, according to a new study. Researchers collected stool samples from 30 healthy people, 30 people with precancerous intestinal polyps and 30 people with advanced colon or rectal cancer in order to assess the composition of...
Gene Mutation May Make Food More Tempting
Gene Mutation May Make Food More Tempting WEDNESDAY, July 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Some obese people have a genetic mutation that seems to ramp up the reward centers in their brains when they see food, researchers report. Gaining a better understanding of how this mutation triggers feelings of pleasure and gratification at the sight of high-calorie foods like chocolate could help improve strategies designed to prevent overeating, the scientists suggested. More than one-third of U.S. adults are obese...
Good Odds for Those Who Need Bone Marrow Donor, Study Finds
Good Odds for Those Who Need Bone Marrow Donor, Study Finds WEDNESDAY, July 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most blood cancer patients in the United States who need a bone marrow transplant can find an acceptable match through the National Marrow Donor Program, a new study has determined. Depending on a patient's race or ethnic background, the study found that 66 percent to 97 percent of patients will have a suitably matched and available live donor on the registry. Even hard-to-match ethnic groups can fin...
Gene Study Gives New Insight Into Puberty in Girls
Gene Study Gives New Insight Into Puberty in Girls WEDNESDAY, July 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The timing of a girl's first menstrual period may be determined by hundreds, and possibly thousands, of gene variations, a new study suggests. Researchers have identified over 100 regions of DNA that are connected to the timing of menarche -- a woman's first menstrual period. The researchers hope these findings will shed light on the biology of a number of diseases ranging from type 2 diabetes to breast cance...
Genes May Be Key to Language Delay in Kids
Genes May Be Key to Language Delay in Kids FRIDAY, July 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Twins' genes may play a greater role in language delay than their environment, according to a new study. Researchers found more evidence that language traits, such as vocabulary, putting words together and grammar, were largely inherited. The study involving 473 sets of twins revealed that the "twinning effect" (a lower level of language performance for twins than single-born children) was greater for identical twins th...
Gene Discoveries Could Shed New Light on Schizophrenia
Gene Discoveries Could Shed New Light on Schizophrenia TUESDAY, July 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- One of the largest studies ever conducted into the genetic origins of a psychiatric disorder has uncovered 83 new sites on chromosomes that harbor inherited genes tied to schizophrenia. The findings, made by an international team of researchers, now bring the total number of common gene variants linked to the disorder to 108. Although these schizophrenia-associated genes aren't specific enough to be used as...
Good Schools May Be Good for a Teen's Health, Too
Good Schools May Be Good for a Teen's Health, Too MONDAY, July 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Low-income teenagers who get into a more rigorous high school may take fewer health risks than their peers at other schools, a new study suggests. The study, of low-income Los Angeles teens, found that those who attended "high-performing" high schools were less likely to carry a weapon, binge-drink, have multiple sex partners or take certain other health risks. And it wasn't just a matter of "good kids" being mor...
Gardens a Center of Calm for People With Dementia
Gardens a Center of Calm for People With Dementia WEDNESDAY, July 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Spending time in a garden might help soothe the agitation that commonly strikes people with dementia, a new review suggests. Looking at 17 past studies, British researchers found evidence that watering plants, or sitting or strolling in a garden can help soothe some dementia patients' anxiety. The study authors cautioned that the effects of gardens on dementia patients are a tough subject to study -- and the e...
Gays, Lesbians Face Certain Health Challenges, U.S. Report Says
Gays, Lesbians Face Certain Health Challenges, U.S. Report Says TUESDAY, July 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Health behaviors and challenges often vary depending on a person's sexual orientation, a new U.S. report finds. But, those changes do not seem to follow a set pattern -- some are healthy, some aren't. For example, the federal researchers found that gays and lesbians were more likely to smoke and binge drink compared to heterosexuals. And bisexuals and lesbians were less likely than straight people ...
Genes May Raise Risk of Cerebral Palsy, Study Finds
Genes May Raise Risk of Cerebral Palsy, Study Finds TUESDAY, July 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests that genes may play a role in cerebral palsy, the most common cause of physical disability in children. Previous research has identified several pregnancy-related risk factors, including preterm delivery, abnormal growth, exposure to infection and lack of oxygen at birth. A possible family link with cerebral palsy has also been found, but not confirmed. Cerebral palsy affects your ability...
Graphic Cigarette-Label Warnings Work, Study Finds
Graphic Cigarette-Label Warnings Work, Study Finds TUESDAY, July 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cigarette warning labels help convince smokers to quit, and the bigger the label, the better, a new study shows. Even when smokers try to avoid seeing the labels, they are prompted to think about quitting, the researchers found. "Warning labels vary widely from country to country but it's clear that once people see the labels, the same psychological and emotional processes are involved in making people consider...
Gut Cells May Be Coaxed to Make Insulin for People With Type 1 Diabetes
Gut Cells May Be Coaxed to Make Insulin for People With Type 1 Diabetes MONDAY, June 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists are hopeful that cells inside the human gut might someday be retrained to produce insulin, the metabolic hormone that's lacking in people with type 1 diabetes. The team from Columbia University Medical Center in New York City said their findings hold promise for the development of a new treatment for type 1 diabetes that does not involve stem cells. For people with type 1 diabetes...
Guard Your Kids Against Bug Bites This Summer
Guard Your Kids Against Bug Bites This Summer FRIDAY, July 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children love being outdoors during the summer, but they need to be protected from mosquitoes, ticks and fleas and the diseases they may carry, experts warn. Ticks can transmit Lyme disease, fleas can transmit plague and mosquitoes can transmit West Nile virus and a number of other illnesses. "During the summer months, it is critical that parents remember to protect their children from bugs by using proper insect repe...
Glaucoma Can Affect Babies, Too
Glaucoma Can Affect Babies, Too WEDNESDAY, July 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When Olivia Goree noticed something just "wasn't right" about her 6-week-old son's eyes, she trusted her instincts and took him to the doctor. What she never expected was the diagnosis: glaucoma. "I was really surprised," recalled Goree, who said she had only ever heard of the vision-robbing disease affecting older adults. And that's probably how most people think of glaucoma, since it's largely diagnosed in people older than 60...
Gluten-Free Diet May Lift the 'Fog' of Celiac Patients, Study Says
Gluten-Free Diet May Lift the 'Fog' of Celiac Patients, Study Says THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The "brain fog" experienced by many celiac disease patients seems to improve as their intestines heal after adopting a gluten-free diet, a small new study suggests. Australian scientists found that banishing gluten -- a protein found in wheat, barley and rye that causes intestinal inflammation in those with celiac disease -- led to better scores in attention, memory and other brain functions ov...
Get Tougher on Texting While Driving, Americans Say
Get Tougher on Texting While Driving, Americans Say THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many Americans want stricter enforcement of texting-while-driving laws and stiffer penalties for violators, according to a new survey. The National Safety Council poll found that 73 percent of respondents wanted more enforcement of texting and driving laws, compared with 22 percent who found current enforcement levels satisfactory. When asked about punishments for violators, 52 percent of respondents favored ...
Grief in Pregnancy May Trigger Obesity in Adulthood
Grief in Pregnancy May Trigger Obesity in Adulthood FRIDAY, June 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Unborn children of mothers exposed to severe stress are more likely than others to grow up overweight or obese, even if that stress occurred months before pregnancy, a new Danish study has found. Children whose biological fathers died while they were in the womb were twice as likely to become obese as adults, because of the stress of bereavement on their mother, the study authors said. But children also had an ...
Grill Safely This Holiday Weekend
Grill Safely This Holiday Weekend THURSDAY, July 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- July Fourth is nearly here, and chances are your weekend plans include at least some grilling. Check out the following cooking tips from registered dietitian Elizabeth Murray to help protect yourself and your loved ones. "When it comes to grilling, there are two main dangers to avoid: carcinogens, which are agents that can cause cancer, and food poisoning," said Murray in a statement provided by Georgia Regents University. The ...
Good Night, Sleep Tight
Good Night, Sleep Tight Dim the lights, lower the shades, breathe deeply, and slide under the covers. It's bedtime. But as your body begins to relax, your mind starts to race. Did you get everything done today? What's in store for tomorrow? Meanwhile, your eyes get adjusted to the dark. Before you know it, you are wide-awake. Sleep? No way — there's too much to think about. Insomnia, trouble falling asleep, or trouble sleeping is a growing problem in the United States. Studies show that many Americans d...
Group Doctor Visits May Benefit Muscle Disorder Patients
Group Doctor Visits May Benefit Muscle Disorder Patients WEDNESDAY, June 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People with neuromuscular disorders may gain more benefit from group doctor visits than individual appointments, Dutch researchers say. Examples of these types of disorders include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease) and muscular dystrophy. The new study included 272 patients who were due for their annual neurologist appointment. The study participants were randomly selected to join oth...
Genes Tied to Curvature of Spine in Kids
Genes Tied to Curvature of Spine in Kids THURSDAY, June 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists say they've identified two rare genetic mutations that greatly increase a child's risk for severe scoliosis -- curvature of the spine. Children with these mutations have a quadrupled risk of developing s-shaped curves in their spines that are serious enough to require surgery, according to the team at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. "We've had a difficult time finding ways to predict wh...
Grades Dive With Internet Use During Class Time, Study Finds
Grades Dive With Internet Use During Class Time, Study Finds FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Checking Facebook and emails during class leads to lower grades for college students of varying intelligence levels, a new study finds. While this might seem like a no-brainer, previous studies had suggested that smarter people are better at multitasking and filtering out distractions, the Michigan State University researchers said. For this study, published online recently in the journal Computers &am...
Gut Microbes Differ in Obese or Diabetic People, Study Finds
Gut Microbes Differ in Obese or Diabetic People, Study Finds MONDAY, June 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Obese people and those with type 2 diabetes have lower levels of common types of "good" intestinal bacteria than healthy people, a new study reveals. The findings may be important, because measuring populations of these bacteria and other microscopic organisms in the intestines could help spot people at risk for obesity and diabetes, or the bacteria might offer targets for treating these conditions, th...
Gay 'Hook-Up' Apps Tied to Higher STD Infection Rates: Study
Gay 'Hook-Up' Apps Tied to Higher STD Infection Rates: Study FRIDAY, June 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Gay men who use smartphone apps such as Grindr or Scruff to find sexual partners are more likely to acquire certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) than if they meet partners in bars or clubs, a new study suggests. The research was led by Matthew Beymer of the L.A. Gay and Lesbian Center, Los Angeles, and included nearly 7,200 local gay and "bi-curious" men. All of the men were tested for STDs and...
Gene 'Map' of Mexicans Reveals Great Diversity
Gene 'Map' of Mexicans Reveals Great Diversity THURSDAY, June 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There is vast genetic diversity among Mexicans, and some groups of people in the country are as different from one another as Europeans are from East Asians, a new study shows. The findings call into question the current practice of grouping all Mexicans or Hispanics together as a single group for genetic, clinical or population studies, the team of international investigators said. "Mexico harbors one of the larg...
Gut Bacteria in Young Diabetic Kids Show Differences
Gut Bacteria in Young Diabetic Kids Show Differences THURSDAY, June 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study finds that germs in the guts of young children with type 1 diabetes are different from those of other kids. Bacteria in the guts of kids with type 1 diabetes appear less balanced than bacteria in children without diabetes, Dutch researchers reported in the June 12 issue of Diabetologia . Moreover, the nondiabetic children had higher levels of a usually beneficial kind of germ. Germs in the gut ma...
Good Heart Health May Keep Your Mind Sharp, Too
Good Heart Health May Keep Your Mind Sharp, Too WEDNESDAY, June 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Good heart health benefits your brain, a new study suggests. People with poor heart health are more likely to develop mental impairment than those with healthy hearts, according to researchers. The study looked at about 17,800 Americans, aged 45 and older, who underwent tests of mental function at the start of the study and again four years later. After accounting for differences in age, sex, race and education,...
Gene May Boost Chances of Type 2 Diabetes for Latinos
Gene May Boost Chances of Type 2 Diabetes for Latinos TUESDAY, June 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study links a gene variant found in Latinos to a fivefold increase in the risk of type 2 diabetes, potentially explaining why the condition is especially common in Latino people. In Mexico, for instance, an estimated 14 percent of adults had type 2 diabetes in 2006. The condition is also common among Latino people worldwide. In the new study, researchers studied DNA samples from almost 3,800 Latinos --...
Genetic 'Networks' May Play Role in Autism
Genetic 'Networks' May Play Role in Autism FRIDAY, June 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Three new gene networks that appear to have important roles in the development of autism have been found, researchers report. One of the autism-related gene networks also affects some patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia, the study authors noted. These gene networks offer potential targets for new medications for these conditions, according to the researchers. Autism spectrum di...
Guard Your Good Vision, Experts Say
Guard Your Good Vision, Experts Say FRIDAY, May 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking, decorative contact lenses and laser pointers all pose a threat to your eyes, but sitting too close to the television or computer screen doesn't, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. As part of Healthy Vision month in May, the FDA separates fact from fiction when it comes to protecting your eyes. Many people believe it's legal to sell decorative contact lenses without a prescription. However, businesses that adve...
Good Grades = Bigger Bucks
Good Grades = Bigger Bucks WEDNESDAY, May 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Good grades really do pay off, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from more than 10,000 Americans, and found that a 1-point increase in high school grade point average (GPA) was associated with higher annual earnings later in life -- 12 percent more for men and 14 percent more for women. The study, published in the May 19 issue of the Eastern Economic Journal , also found that a 1-point increase in GPA increased the like...
Gene Tests May Improve Lung Cancer Care: Study
Gene Tests May Improve Lung Cancer Care: Study TUESDAY, May 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Testing lung cancer patients' tumors for various gene mutations may help doctors choose the best treatment, and possibly extend people's lives, a new study suggests. Experts said the findings, reported in the May 21 Journal of the American Medical Association , are part of an ongoing "sea change" in treating lung cancer -- the biggest cancer killer in the United States. The goal is to make it routine to test patient...
Gammagrafía de seno
Gammagrafía de seno (Escintigrafía de seno, Centellografía mamaria, Escaneo del seno con radionúclidos) Descripción general del procedimiento ¿Qué es una gammagrafía de seno? Una gammagrafía de seno es un procedimiento radiológico especializado utilizado para estudiar los senos cuando otros procedimientos no son concluyentes. Click Image to Enlarge Una gammagrafía del seno es un tipo de procedimiento de radiología nuclear. Esto significa que durante el procedimiento se utiliza una pequeña cantidad de su...
Gammagrafía de la vesícula biliar
Gammagrafía de la vesícula biliar (Colecistografía, Radiografía de vesícula biliar, Gammagrafía hepatobiliar con ácido iminodiacético [HIDA]) Descripción general del procedimiento ¿Qué es gammagrafía de la vesícula biliar? La gammagrafía de la vesícula biliar es un procedimiento radiológico especializado que se utiliza para evaluar el funcionamiento y la estructura de la vesícula biliar. También se la conoce como gammagrafía hepatobiliar porque generalmente se examina también el hígado debido a su cerca...
Gammagrafía Ósea (Gammagrafía ósea) Descripción general del procedimiento ¿Qué es una gammagrafía ósea? La gammagrafía ósea es un procedimiento radiológico especializado que se utiliza para examinar los diferentes huesos del esqueleto a fin de identificar determinadas enfermedades. La gammagrafía ósea también puede utilizarse para hacer un seguimiento del progreso del tratamiento de algunas enfermedades. La gammagrafía ósea es un tipo de procedimiento de radiología nuclear. Esto significa que durante el...
Gallbladder Scan (Cholescintigraphy, Liver-Biliary Scan, Hepatobiliary Iminodiacetic Acid [HIDA], Gallbladder Radionuclide Scan) Procedure overview What is a gallbladder scan? A gallbladder scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to assess the function and structure of the gallbladder. This procedure may also be referred to as a liver-biliary scan because the liver often is examined as well due to its proximity and close functional relationship to the gallbladder. A gallbladder scan is a type of ...
Genética de la Fibrosis Quística
Genética de la Fibrosis Quística La fibrosis quística (cystic fibrosis, su sigla en inglés es CF) es una enfermedad genética. Esto significa que la CF es hereditaria. Una persona nacerá con CF únicamente si hereda dos genes de CF - uno de su padre y el otro de su madre. Las personas que sólo tienen un gen de CF están sanas, y se dice que son "portadoras" de la enfermedad. Un portador tiene mayores posibilidades de tener un hijo con CF; este tipo de herencia genética se llama "autosómica recesiva". Autos...
Glomerulonephritis in Children
Glomerulonephritis in Children What is glomerulonephritis? Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease that involves the glomeruli. The glomeruli are very small, important structures in the kidneys that supply blood flow to the small units in the kidneys that filter urine called the nephrons. During glomerulonephritis, the glomeruli become inflamed and impair the kidney's ability to filter urine. What causes glomerulonephritis? Glomerulonephritis is caused by several different disease states, includi...
Grief and Bereavement
Grief and Bereavement Everyone grieves in his or her own unique way. The process of grieving is often long and painful for all who knew the child. This can include parents, siblings, relatives, friends, peers, teachers, nurses, neighbors, and anyone who understands the loss of a child. What are the physical and emotional signs and symptoms of grief? The emotional and physical expressions of grief are often the most obvious part of mourning. Everyone expresses sadness and loss in different ways. There ar...
Growth-Related Disorders There are many growth-related disorders that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Nursemaid's Elbow Tibial Torsion Femoral Anteversion Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis Osgood-Schlatter Disease Scoliosis Kyphosis Lordosis
Germ Cell Tumors
Germ Cell Tumors What are germ cell tumors? Germ cell tumors are malignant (cancerous) or nonmalignant (benign, noncancerous) tumors that are comprised mostly of germ cells. Germ cells are the cells that develop in the embryo (fetus, or unborn baby) and become the cells that make up the reproductive system in males and females. These germ cells follow a midline path through the body after development and descend into the pelvis as ovarian cells or into the scrotal sac as testicular cells. Most ovarian t...
Getting Ready Breastfeeding preparedness before returning to work About 2 weeks before you return to work, start pumping or expressing milk for storage to use once you return to work. Initially, pump once a day. Early pumping sessions help your body learn to "let-down" to a pump, allowing you to store milk that the care provider can feed to your baby. Many mothers find the best time to pump is in the morning when milk production tends to be greater. Pump approximately 1 hour after you have breastfed the...
Getting Ready at Home
Newborn Babies—Getting Ready at Home Preparing for a new baby doesn't have to be an overwhelming experience. Experienced parents have learned that newborn babies just need some basic items at first—a warm and safe place to sleep, food, clothing, and diapers. Many baby stores offer a gift registry service so that you can list the items you prefer for others to consider when buying a baby gift. Although there are many baby products now available, listed below are the essential items you'll want to have re...
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