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Birth Defect Tied to Zika Virus Can Leave Children With Lifetime of Health Woes
Birth Defect Tied to Zika Virus Can Leave Children With Lifetime of Health Woes TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The thousands of babies born in Brazil with abnormally small heads and brains -- believed to be caused by infection in the womb with the Zika virus -- typically face a lifetime of health challenges, doctors say. But not all are destined to a life of medical woes. The Brazilian babies -- who may number more than 4,000 -- have the condition known as microcephaly. And in 85 percent to 9...
Brain Cells in Mice May Reveal Clues to Your Sighs
Brain Cells in Mice May Reveal Clues to Your Sighs MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists working with mice say that they've pinpointed brain cells that control sighing. In lab experiments, the researchers found that two tiny clusters of neurons in the brain stem trigger sighs. "Sighing appears to be regulated by the fewest number of neurons we have seen linked to a fundamental human behavior," said study researcher Jack Feldman, a professor of neurobiology at the University of California, ...
Bear Belly Might Hold Clues to Obesity in Humans
Bear Belly Might Hold Clues to Obesity in Humans THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in their gut microbes help bears prepare for hibernation, according to laboratory research that may hold clues for combating obesity in people. As they prepare to hunker down for the winter, bears eat as much as possible, to boost their body fat. Despite the rapid weight gain, they don't suffer the health problems associated with obesity in people, Swedish researchers noted. The team analyzed fecal sample...
Brain Wiring Changes Might Help Guard Against Bipolar Disorder
Brain Wiring Changes Might Help Guard Against Bipolar Disorder TUESDAY, Jan. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Naturally occurring brain wiring changes might help prevent bipolar disorder in people who have a high genetic risk for the mental illness, a new study suggests. The discovery about these brain wiring changes could help efforts to develop better treatments for the disorder, according to Mount Sinai Hospital researchers in New York City. People with bipolar disorder experience severe swings in mood, e...
Breast Ultrasound, Mammography May Be Equally Effective: Study
Breast Ultrasound, Mammography May Be Equally Effective: Study MONDAY, Dec. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasound and mammography appear equally likely to detect breast cancer, a new study says. The finding is good news, particularly for women who live in developing countries that typically have more access to ultrasound than to mammography, the researchers said. While the detection rate with ultrasound was comparable to that of mammography, "it looks like ultrasound does better than mammography for n...
Being 'Fat But Fit' Won't Cut Your Risk of Premature Death
Being 'Fat But Fit' Won't Cut Your Risk of Premature Death MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New research seems to contradict the idea that people might escape the health hazards associated with obesity if they're "fat but fit." The new study suggests that the health benefits of physical fitness are offset by obesity. No matter their fitness level, normal-weight men had a lower risk of dying during the study than did the most physically fit obese men, the researchers said. Still, it's important ...
Bridion Approved to Reverse Effects of Surgical Drugs
Bridion Approved to Reverse Effects of Surgical Drugs TUESDAY, Dec. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Bridion (sugammadex) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to reverse the effects of medications that are used to paralyze the vocal chords during certain surgical procedures. Rocuronium bromide and vecuronium bromide are prescribed when surgeons use an artificial airway or breathing tube, a process called tracheal intubation, the FDA said Tuesday in a news release. These so-called "neur...
Bodily Changes Don't Always Signal 'Precocious' Puberty in Kids
Bodily Changes Don't Always Signal 'Precocious' Puberty in Kids MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Children who develop certain signs of puberty at an early age are commonly referred to specialists for an evaluation. But most of the time it's nothing to worry about, says a new report from a leading group of U.S. pediatricians. It's not uncommon for young children to show certain traits associated with puberty, including some pubic hair, underarm hair and the beginnings of breast development, said...
Brain Gains for Older Adults Who Start Exercising
Brain Gains for Older Adults Who Start Exercising MONDAY, Nov. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Beginning an exercise program may help protect older adults' brains or even reverse early mental decline, a small study suggests. Researchers placed 34 inactive people, aged 61 to 88, on an exercise regimen. It included moderate-intensity walking on a treadmill four times a week for 12 weeks. On average, heart/lung health improved about 8 percent over that time, the researchers found. Brain scans also showed an i...
Bullies May Face Higher Odds of Eating Disorders: Study
Bullies May Face Higher Odds of Eating Disorders: Study FRIDAY, Nov. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Bullies may be at increased risk for eating disorders, a new study suggests. Previous research has found that victims of bullying are more likely to have these disorders, but the finding that bullies are also at risk came as a surprise, the researchers said. "For a long time, there's been this story about bullies that they're a little more hale and hearty," study author William Copeland, an associate profes...
Buckle Up in the Backseat, Experts Advise
Buckle Up in the Backseat, Experts Advise FRIDAY, Nov. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- As you head home from Thanksgiving get-togethers, stay safe by buckling up, even when you're riding in the backseat. Hundreds of Americans die in car crashes every year because they don't use seat belts while riding in the rear seats of vehicles, a new report shows. In 2013, there were almost 900 deaths among people aged 8 and older who didn't use seat belts while riding in rear seats. More than 400 of those people might...
Ban Crib Bumpers Because of Rising Deaths, Researchers Say
Ban Crib Bumpers Because of Rising Deaths, Researchers Say TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Infant deaths linked to crib bumpers have spiked in recent years in the United States, leading researchers to urge a ban on the padded bedding accessories. Bumper-related crib deaths tripled from 2006 to 2012, compared with other seven-year stretches over the last quarter century, the study found. "The risk for suffocation is real. The benefits are not," said Dr. Bradley Thach, a professor emeritus of p...
Breast-Feeding May Cut Risk of Type 2 Diabetes for Some Women
Breast-Feeding May Cut Risk of Type 2 Diabetes for Some Women MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests another potential benefit for moms who breast-feed -- a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The study found that breast-feeding for more than two months was linked to around a 50 percent reduction in the odds of developing type 2 diabetes for mothers who had already experienced gestational diabetes in the past. And the longer women breast-fed, the lower the odds of type 2 d...
Brain Differences May Explain Why Some With Schizophrenia Hallucinate
Brain Differences May Explain Why Some With Schizophrenia Hallucinate TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers believe they've identified brain structure differences that increase the risk of hallucinations in people with schizophrenia. "Hallucinations are very complex phenomena that are a hallmark of mental illness and, in different forms, are also quite common across the general population," said study first author Jane Garrison, from the University of Cambridge in England. "There is lik...
Breast-Feeding Linked to Reduced Risk of Preemie Eye Problem
Breast-Feeding Linked to Reduced Risk of Preemie Eye Problem MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Breast-feeding a premature infant may help reduce the risk of a serious eye problem known as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), new research suggests. The researchers said that when babies were exclusively fed breast milk, the risk of any-stage ROP appeared to drop by about 75 percent. And the risk of severe ROP seemed to be reduced by 90 percent, the researchers added. "Human milk feeding potentially p...
Brain Scans May Reveal Which Coma Patients Will Recover
Brain Scans May Reveal Which Coma Patients Will Recover WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Brain scans may help identify coma patients who are most likely to regain consciousness, a new French study suggests. The research included 27 coma patients with severe brain injuries and 14 healthy people of the same age. All of the participants underwent functional MRI scans to assess the connections between areas of the brain involved in regulating consciousness. The coma patients underwent brain scan...
Bystander CPR Helps Some Kids Survive Cardiac Arrest
Bystander CPR Helps Some Kids Survive Cardiac Arrest TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More American children who suffer cardiac arrest at home or in public places are getting CPR from bystanders, a new study finds. Kids who receive bystander CPR have better survival rates, the researchers said. But, the study didn't find an impact on infant survival rates. "This lack of impact on infants suggests the need for a public health strategy to improve the use of bystander CPR," study lead author Dr. ...
Barbecued, Pan-Fried Meat May Boost Kidney Cancer Risk
Barbecued, Pan-Fried Meat May Boost Kidney Cancer Risk MONDAY, Nov. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Cooking meats at high temperatures, as in barbecuing or pan-frying, may increase the risk for kidney cancer, a new study suggests. The World Health Organization warned last month that processed meats -- including bacon, hot dogs and sausages -- can cause colon cancer. Red meats were also associated with higher risk. The new study looked specifically at kidney cancer, which is increasing in the United States a...
Breast-Feeding May Not Help Prevent Allergies in Kids, Study Claims
Breast-Feeding May Not Help Prevent Allergies in Kids, Study Claims THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Breast-fed children are just as likely to develop allergies as children who were formula-fed, preliminary new research suggests. But the study, which analyzed medical records from nearly 200 children aged 4 through 18, compared those who were "ever" breast-fed -- regardless of duration -- with those who had consumed only formula. The results conflict with conventional wisdom indicating that bre...
Better Sex Life May Be a Weight-Loss Surgery Bonus
Better Sex Life May Be a Weight-Loss Surgery Bonus WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Following weight-loss surgery, activity in the bedroom may pick up as the pounds fall away, a new study finds. The research suggests the effect may be long-term, and similar for both men and women. "Improvements in sex life are an additional benefit that goes beyond weight loss," said Dr. John Morton, president of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS). He was not involved in the new ...
Beware Safety Risks Posed by 'Off-Label' Drug Use
Beware Safety Risks Posed by 'Off-Label' Drug Use MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- "Off-label" drug use puts patients at risk for serious side effects, especially when scientific evidence is lacking, a new study finds. Physicians prescribe "off-label" when they recommend drugs for uses that have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. It's a common and legal practice. It's also hard to track, because U.S. doctors aren't required to document the reason for prescribing a treatm...
Better Diets May Be Extending Americans' Lives
Better Diets May Be Extending Americans' Lives MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the stereotype that Americans are eating more unhealthful foods that leave them vulnerable to assorted diseases, a new study suggests the opposite may be true. Harvard researchers report that they found evidence that better diets since 1999 have saved more than one million people from dying prematurely. They also believe improved diets have significantly cut diabetes and heart disease, and even slightly trimm...
Big Brain Doesn't Mean Big Smarts
Big Brain Doesn't Mean Big Smarts FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Having a big brain doesn't guarantee you'll have an outsized IQ, a new analysis indicates. Researchers who examined 148 studies that included more than 8,000 people found only a weak association between brain size and IQ. "The presently observed association means that brain volume plays only a minor role in explaining IQ test performance in humans. Although a certain association is observable, brain volume appears to be of only ...
Brain Inflammation May Be Linked to Schizophrenia
Brain Inflammation May Be Linked to Schizophrenia FRIDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've found a link between brain inflammation and schizophrenia. British investigators used PET scans to assess immune cell activity in the brains of 56 people. Some had schizophrenia, some were at risk for the mental disorder, and others had no symptoms or risk of the disease. The results showed that immune cells are more active in the brains of people with schizophrenia and those at risk for t...
Bike Helmets Protect Against Severe Brain Injury, Study Says
Bike Helmets Protect Against Severe Brain Injury, Study Says THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Wearing a bicycle helmet significantly reduces the risk of serious brain injury and death from a crash, a new study shows. Researchers analyzed the medical records of more than 6,200 people who suffered a traumatic brain injury in a cycling crash. Of those patients, just over one-quarter were wearing helmets. Compared to those without a helmet, patients with a helmet were 58 percent less likely to hav...
Bedtime Texting May Be Hazardous to Teens' Health
Bedtime Texting May Be Hazardous to Teens' Health WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Many American teens text in bed, leading to lost sleep, daytime drowsiness and poorer school performance, a new study says. Researchers from New Jersey looked at nearly 3,200 middle and high school students in the state. They found that nearly 62 percent of the kids used their smartphones in some capacity after bedtime; nearly 57 percent texted, tweeted or messaged in bed; and nearly 21 percent awoke to texts. ...
Blood Tests May Predict Pregnancy Risks for Women With Lupus
Blood Tests May Predict Pregnancy Risks for Women With Lupus TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Blood tests may identify women with lupus who are at high risk for complications during pregnancy, according to a new study. Lupus is an immune system disorder known to increase the chances of pregnancy problems such as preeclampsia and miscarriage. This new research found that monitoring for certain "biomarkers" -- or indicators -- in the blood of lupus patients during early pregnancy can identify t...
Bullied Teens Who Exercise May Lower Suicide Risk, Study Finds
Bullied Teens Who Exercise May Lower Suicide Risk, Study Finds FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Regular exercise may lower bullied teens' risk of suicide, researchers report. The researchers analyzed data from more than 13,500 U.S. high school students and found that being physically active four or more days a week reduced bullied teens' suicidal thoughts and attempts by 23 percent. The researchers also found that about 30 percent of bullied teens said they had felt sad for two or more weeks i...
Brucella Antibody (CSF)
Brucella Antibody (CSF) Does this test have other names? CSF agglutination test What is this test? This test looks at fluid from your spinal cord to find out if you have an illness called brucellosis. Brucellosis is an infectious disease usually caused by handling animals or milk products infected with the brucella bacteria. If you have brucellosis, your body will make certain antibodies when it tries to fight these germs. Brucella antibodies can usually be found in your blood, liver, spleen, lymph node...
Brucella Antibody Does this test have other names? Brucella agglutination titer, Brucella antibody titer, Brucella-specific agglutination, Brucella microagglutination test, BMAT, standard tube agglutination test What is this test? This is a blood test for brucellosis. Brucellosis is an infectious disease usually caused by handling animals or milk products infected with the brucella bacteria. If you have brucellosis, your body will make certain antibodies to fight the brucella bacteria. This test looks f...
BRCA Does this test have other names? BRCA gene 1, BRCA gene 2, breast cancer susceptibility gene 1, breast cancer susceptibility gene 2 What is this test? This blood test checks for mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Mutations in these genes can raise the risk for certain cancers, especially breast cancer (in both men and women) and ovarian cancer in women. In both men and women, BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations raise the risk for other types of cancers. The BRCA genes are the most common cause of gene-r...
Bartonella Antibody Does this test have other names? Cat scratch disease blood test, indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFA) for IgM and IgG against B. henselae What is this test? This blood test screens for exposure to Bartonella henselae , the bacteria that cause cat scratch disease. These bacteria are spread by cats, especially kittens, which are more likely to be infected. The disease is usually fairly mild and clears up without treatment, but it can be more serious for people with a weakened immun...
Bilirubin (Amniotic Fluid)
Bilirubin (Amniotic Fluid) Does this test have other names? Amniocentesis, Amniotic fluid bilirubin optical density, OD What is this test? This test is done to see how well your baby is developing inside you. The liquid that surrounds the baby inside your womb is called amniotic fluid. Health care providers check the fluid for a pigment called bilirubin to see whether your baby has a blood type that is incompatible with yours. When this happens, it may cause the baby to develop severe anemia or other pr...
Blood Clotting Disorders in Children
Blood Clotting Disorders in Children Clotting is the result of a series of chemical changes in blood that are intended to help the body repair damaged blood vessels. Platelets in the blood form a small mass that helps seal a wound and stop the flow of blood. Click to Enlarge The body also relies on proteins called clotting factors. These create a web of threads to secure the platelet "plug" and hold the blood clot in place. A blood clot that forms when it's not needed can cause serious problems. The clo...
Burners and Stingers Syndrome in Young Athletes
Burners and Stingers Syndrome in Young Athletes If your young athlete complains of a pain in the shoulder or neck that causes a burning or stinging sensation down one arm to the hand, he or she may have burners and stingers syndrome. What is the cause? Burners and stingers syndrome is usually caused by an injury during practice or competition. The most typical injury occurs when a youngster falls or takes a blow to the neck or shoulder. The collision often pushes the head sharply to the side and down, p...
Back Pain in Pregnancy
Back Pain in Pregnancy Why is back pain so common in pregnancy? One of the most common complaints during pregnancy is back pain. In fact, it's estimated that more than half of all women experience some degree of back discomfort. Most back pain is related to the physical changes that happen during pregnancy, including hormones, changes in the center of gravity, and posture. Unfortunately, it typically gets worse as pregnancy progresses. What causes back pain during pregnancy? Throughout pregnancy, hormon...
Bortezomib Solution for injection
Bortezomib Solution for injection What is this medicine? BORTEZOMIB (bor TEZ oh mib) is a chemotherapy drug. It slows the growth of cancer cells. This medicine is used to treat multiple myeloma, and certain lymphomas, such as mantle-cell lymphoma. How should I use this medicine? This medicine is for injection into a vein or for injection under the skin. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Spe...
Betaxolol Hydrochloride Oral tablet
Betaxolol Hydrochloride Oral tablet What is this medicine? BETAXOLOL (be TAX oh lol) is a beta-blocker. Beta-blockers reduce the workload on the heart and help it to beat more regularly. This medicine is used to treat high blood pressure. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take this medicine with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed...
Busulfan Solution for injection
Busulfan Solution for injection What is this medicine? BUSULFAN (byoo SUL fan) is a chemotherapy drug. It is used prior to a stem cell transplant in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia. How should I use this medicine? This drug is given as an infusion into a vein. It is administered in a hospital or clinic by a specially trained health care professional. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for selected conditions, precautions...
Bupropion Hydrochloride Oral tablet, extended release 12 hour [Depression/Mood Disorders]
Bupropion Hydrochloride Oral tablet, extended release 12 hour [Depression/Mood Disorders] What is this medicine? BUPROPION (byoo PROE pee on) is used to treat depression. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take it with or without food. If it upsets your stomach, take it with food. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. Take your medicine at regular intervals. If you take this medicine more than onc...
Budesonide Oral tablet, extended-release
Budesonide Oral tablet, extended-release What is this medicine? BUDESONIDE (bue DES oh nide) is a corticosteroid. It is used in the treatment of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis which are types of inflammatory bowel disease. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not cut, chew, crush, or break open this medicine. Take your dose in the morning. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medic...
Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) (MRI Scan of the Breast) Click Image to Enlarge Procedure overview What is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)? Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. How does an MRI work? The MRI machine is a large, cylindrical (tube-shaped) machine that creates a strong magnetic field around the patient. The magnetic field,...
Breast-Conserving Surgery (Breast Conservation Therapy, BCT, Lumpectomy, Segmental Mastectomy, Partial Mastectomy, Quadrantectomy) Procedure overview Click to Enlarge Breast-conserving surgery may be used as a part of a treatment plan for breast cancer. During breast-conserving surgery, the cancerous lump and a portion of the breast tissue around the cancerous lump are removed. However, the breast itself remains intact. The surgeon may also remove some of the lymph nodes under the arm to determine if th...
Breast Scan (Breast Scintigraphy, Scintimammography, Radionuclide Breast Imaging, Molecular Breast Imaging) Procedure overview What is a breast scan? A breast scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to assess the breasts when other examinations have been inconclusive. Click Image to Enlarge A breast scan is a type of nuclear radiology procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance is used during the procedure to assist in the examination of the breasts. The radioactive substa...
Breast Ultrasound (Breast Ultrasonography, Breast Sonogram, Mammographic Ultrasound, Sonomammography, Ultrasound Mammography) Procedure overview What is breast ultrasound? Breast ultrasound is a noninvasive (the skin is not pierced) procedure used to assess the breasts. Ultrasound technology allows quick visualization of the breast tissue. Ultrasound may also be used to assess blood flow to areas inside the breasts. The examination is often used along with mammography. Click Image to Enlarge Breast ultr...
Breast Biopsy Procedure overview What is a breast biopsy? A biopsy is a procedure used to remove tissue or cells from the body for examination under a microscope. A breast biopsy is a procedure in which samples of breast tissue are removed with a special biopsy needle or during surgery to see if cancer or other abnormal cells are present. Biopsies may be done under local or general anesthesia. There are several types of breast biopsy procedures. The type of biopsy performed will depend on the location a...
Bone Marrow Biopsy
Bone Marrow Biopsy (Biopsy-Bone Marrow, Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy) Procedure overview What is a bone marrow biopsy? In the center of most large bones there is a soft tissue (called bone marrow) that makes most of the body's blood cells. The marrow is a network of tissue that contains immature blood cells in an organized structure. Click image to enlarge Red bone marrow is the active portion that produces red blood cells, while yellow bone marrow contains fat cells. In adults the red bone marrow ...
Bone Biopsy (Biopsy-Bone, Bone Lesion Biopsy) Procedure overview What is a bone biopsy? A biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue or cells from the body for examination under a microscope. A bone biopsy is a procedure in which bone samples are removed (with a special biopsy needle or during surgery) to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present. A bone biopsy involves the outer layers of bone, unlike a bone marrow biopsy, which involves the innermost part of the bone. There are 2 t...
Bone Densitometry (Bone Mineral Density [BMD] Test, Bone Density Test, Bone Mineral Content, Bone Absorptiometry) Procedure overview What is bone densitometry? Bone densitometry is used to measure the bone mineral content and density. This measurement can indicate decreased bone mass, a condition in which bones are more brittle and more prone to break or fracture easily. Bone densitometry is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk. The testing procedure measures the bone d...
Bone Scan (Bone Scintigraphy) What is a bone scan? A bone scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine the various bones of the skeleton. It is done to identify areas of physical and chemical changes in bone. A bone scan may also be used to follow the progress of treatment of certain conditions. A bone scan is a type of nuclear radiology procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance is used during the procedure to assist in the examination of the bones. The radioactive...
Breastfeeding Your Premature Baby
Breastfeeding Your Premature Baby Giving birth to a premature or other high-risk baby (or babies) does not mean you cannot breastfeed. Actually, the opposite may be the case. There is even more reason to provide your own milk for, and eventually breastfeed, a premature or a sick newborn. Providing your milk for your baby lets you participate in your baby's healthcare in a very crucial way. Because the benefits of mother's milk are so important to the high-risk newborn, you are able to do something for y...
Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children
Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children What is a bone marrow transplant? Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a special therapy for patients with certain cancers or other diseases. A bone marrow transplant involves taking cells that are normally found in the bone marrow (stem cells), filtering those cells, and giving them back either to the patient they were taken from or to another person. The goal of BMT is to transfuse healthy bone marrow cells into a person after his or her own unhealthy bone marro...
Bone Marrow To learn more about the intricate process of bone marrow transplantation, it is important to first learn about the blood and its components. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding the anatomy of blood and bone marrow transplantation, for which we have provided a brief overview. Overview of Blood and Blood Components Bone Marrow Transplantation
Bicycle / In-Line Skating / Skateboarding Safety
Bicycle / In-Line Skating / Skateboarding Safety Bike riding, inline skating, and skateboarding are all great ways for kids to get exercise. But doing any of these without protective gear can be dangerous. One of the most common and serious injuries that can happen without protective gear is a head injury. Head injuries are a leading cause of death and disability in these types of crashes. Wearing a helmet can cut the risk for death or injury. A helmet can also cut the seriousness of the injury if a cra...
Bronchiolitis Click Image to Enlarge What is bronchiolitis? Bronchiolitis is an infection of the lower respiratory tract that usually affects children under 2 years of age. There is swelling in the smaller airways or bronchioles of the lung, which blocks air in the smaller airways. What causes bronchiolitis? The most common cause of bronchiolitis is a virus, most frequently the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). However, many other viruses have been involved, including: Parainfluenza virus Adenovirus In...
Breastfeeding Your Baby
Breastfeeding Your Baby Choosing how to feed your baby is an important decision that has lifelong effects for your baby and for you. What you have seen and learned about infant feeding from your family, friends, and teachers is likely to influence your attitude and perceptions. Whether you definitely plan to breastfeed or you are still uncertain, the research is pretty clear. Your milk is the best milk for your baby, and it is the ideal first food for your baby's first several months. Listed in the dire...
Bruises What is a bruise? A bruise is a collection of blood underneath the skin that is caused by trauma to an area of the body. The trauma causes tiny blood vessels, called capillaries, to break, and then blood leaks from the vessels into the surrounding tissue. Sometimes, enough bleeding occurs so that a lump also forms (this lump is called a hematoma). First-aid for bruises A bruise will usually heal on its own. Some general guidelines for treatment may include: Calm your child and let him or her kno...
Breastfeeding at Work
Breastfeeding at Work Employer support will be beneficial to successfully continuing breastfeeding. Discuss your plan to continue to breastfeed, and your need to pump or express breast milk during the workday, with your employer when you are pregnant or before you return to work. Be sure your employer understands that continued breastfeeding, and providing your milk by pumping at work, are not just good for your baby--they also are good for the company. Evidence indicates that employer support for conti...
Breast Milk Expression
Breast Milk Expression Most mothers who plan to continue breastfeeding will need to express their breast milk during the work or school day if away from the baby for more than three or four hours. They also may want to obtain milk to store for feedings by the care provider. Continued, routine breast milk expression is important to maintain adequate milk production during the time spent away from your baby. Listed in the directory below is some information regarding breast milk expression, for which we h...
Breastfeeding: Returning to Work
Breastfeeding: Returning to Work Breastfeeding preparedness before returning to work Make sure you give yourself enough time before you return to work. Start pumping or expressing milk for storage to use once you return to work. Initially, pump once a day. Early pumping sessions help your body learn to "let-down" to a pump, allowing you to store milk that the care provider can feed to your baby. Many mothers find the best time to pump is in the morning when milk production tends to be greater. Pump abou...
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2500 South Woodworth Loop, Palmer, AK 99645
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.