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Allergy Shots Still Effective for Seniors
Allergy Shots Still Effective for Seniors TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Allergy shots can still benefit seniors with allergies, a new study suggests. The study included 60 people with hay fever between the ages of 65 and 75 who were given either allergy shots or a placebo for three years. Those who received the allergy shots had a 55 percent reduction in symptoms and a 64 percent decrease in their use of allergy relief medication, according to the study results. They were published Feb. 9 in...
Alcohol More Harmful for People With HIV, Study Suggests
Alcohol More Harmful for People With HIV, Study Suggests MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking alcohol may be more dangerous for people infected with HIV, a new study suggests. The effects of alcohol appear to be more pronounced for those with the virus that causes AIDS, even when the virus is suppressed with modern antiretroviral treatment (ART), the Yale University researchers reported. They noted that HIV patients who have just one or two drinks a day are at greater risk for death or alco...
Adult Survivors of Childhood Brain Tumors May Have Lingering Troubles: Study
Adult Survivors of Childhood Brain Tumors May Have Lingering Troubles: Study MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adults who survived childhood brain tumors may have significant treatment-related thinking, attention and memory problems, a new study suggests. "Our study was the most comprehensive analysis of a large cohort of adult survivors of pediatric brain tumors, with direct assessment of their cognitive functioning and the resulting impact on social attainment. Also, it was the first to report ...
ADHD Tied to Obesity Risk for Girls, Study Contends
ADHD Tied to Obesity Risk for Girls, Study Contends THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have their share of challenges. And new research suggests a tendency toward obesity may be one of them. In a 1,000-person study, Mayo Clinic researchers found that girls with ADHD may be twice as likely to be obese in childhood or early adulthood as girls without the disorder. This association was not linked to treatment with stimulants such as Ritalin...
Artificial Pancreas to Get Long-Term 'Real-Life' Trial
Artificial Pancreas to Get Long-Term 'Real-Life' Trial TUESDAY, Jan. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A long-term clinical trial of an artificial pancreas designed to control blood sugar levels in people with type 1 diabetes will begin early this year. The artificial pancreas will be tested for six months in 240 people with type 1 diabetes at nine sites in the United States and Europe. Researchers will compare this system to current diabetes management with an insulin pump. Then, 180 of those patients will b...
Asthma May Be Linked to Shingles Risk
Asthma May Be Linked to Shingles Risk THURSDAY, Dec. 31, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People who suffer from asthma may be more likely to develop the painful skin condition known as shingles, a new study suggests. The finding builds on previous research that suggested a link between childhood asthma and shingles risk. "Asthma represents one of the five most burdensome chronic diseases in the U.S., affecting up to 17 percent of the population," said study author Dr. Young Juhn, a general academic pediatricia...
ADHD Meds May Raise Risk for Psychotic Side Effects in Some Kids: Study
ADHD Meds May Raise Risk for Psychotic Side Effects in Some Kids: Study WEDNESDAY, Dec. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Stimulant medications, such as those used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), may raise the risk for psychotic side effects among young patients who have a parent with a history of serious mental illness, new research suggests. The study included 141 children and young adults aged 6 to 21. Nearly two-thirds of those prescribed stimulant medications had a psychotic si...
All High-Risk Patients Should Get Blood Pressure Meds: Study
All High-Risk Patients Should Get Blood Pressure Meds: Study THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People known to be at high risk for a heart attack or stroke should be given blood pressure-lowering medications no matter their blood pressure level, new research suggests. Current protocols recommend starting medication when readings reach specific levels. The threshold used to be 130/85 mm Hg. But it was recently shifted to 140/90 mm Hg for non-elderly individuals, and 150/90 for the elderly. The ...
Americans Growing More Concerned About Head Injuries in Football
Americans Growing More Concerned About Head Injuries in Football MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- As the National Football League continues to struggle with the health risks posed by concussions, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll finds that vast majorities of Americans say football teams need to do more to protect their players from head injuries. The poll reveals that the public is now widely aware of the often-debilitating and sometimes deadly health problems facing many current and retired pro pla...
Are British Teeth Really Worse Than American Teeth?
Are British Teeth Really Worse Than American Teeth? WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Although British teeth have long been a subject of satire in the United States, a new stereotype-busting study is giving the British a little something to smile about. Researchers have found evidence that British oral health is actually as good, or even better, than it is in the States. But Americans may place greater emphasis on getting their teeth straightened, tackling overcrowding, and whitening up a yel...
Are You a Secret Santa or a Grinch? Brain Scans May Tell
Are You a Secret Santa or a Grinch? Brain Scans May Tell WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Whether you spend the Christmas season decking the halls and whistling Christmas tunes, or grumbling "bah humbug" at holiday-spirited passers-by may depend largely on a particular network of nerves in your brain, a small study suggests. Brain scans from the study revealed a neural network that might determine whether or not someone will have the "Christmas spirit," the researchers said. Certain areas of...
Antibiotics Often Enough for Kids' Appendicitis
Antibiotics Often Enough for Kids' Appendicitis WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with antibiotics alone can be a safe and effective alternative to surgery for children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis, according to a new study. The study was led by Dr. Peter Minneci and Dr. Katherine Deans, co-directors of the Center for Surgical Outcomes Research at The Research Institute, part of Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. "Surgery has long been the 'gold standard' of ...
ADHD May Hamper Social Relationships Early in Life
ADHD May Hamper Social Relationships Early in Life WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Young children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may experience more problems socializing with their peers, which can then contribute to worsening symptoms, a new study from Norway suggests. But the cycle between symptoms and social problems seems to diminish as children grow older, the study authors said. "Restless kids tend to be less attractive as play partners, due to their problems wit...
Active, Passive Smoking Tied to Infertility, Early Menopause: Study
Active, Passive Smoking Tied to Infertility, Early Menopause: Study TUESDAY, Dec. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking and being exposed to secondhand smoke may trigger early menopause and infertility in women, a new study suggests. Other research has linked smoking with higher rates of infertility and perhaps earlier menopause. However, "secondhand smoke is less researched," especially among never-smoking women, said study author Andrew Hyland, chair of health behavior at Roswell Park Cancer Institute,...
ADHD Patients Show Weaker Connections in Brain Networks Tied to Focus: Study
ADHD Patients Show Weaker Connections in Brain Networks Tied to Focus: Study TUESDAY, Dec. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may have weaker connections among brain networks that help the mind focus, a new study suggests. Using MRI brain scans from 180 children with and without ADHD, researchers found that kids with the disorder showed weaker interactions among three brain networks involved in attention. What's more, the more severe a child's attention p...
America's Rural Elderly Face Barriers to Health Care
America's Rural Elderly Face Barriers to Health Care MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly Americans who live in rural areas are at increased risk for health problems and death because of poor access to health care, a new study finds. "It's been known for some time that health care is harder to access in rural areas, and this [study] helps us better understand the extent of the problem," study leader Leah Goeres, of Oregon State University, said in a university news release. The researchers ...
Antidepressants in Pregnancy May Raise Autism Risk, Study Suggests
Antidepressants in Pregnancy May Raise Autism Risk, Study Suggests MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Women who take antidepressants during the final two trimesters of pregnancy may put their children at risk for autism spectrum disorder, a new Canadian study suggests. Researchers said it seemed that children had an 87 percent increased risk of autism if their mothers used antidepressants during the second and third trimester. The risk of autism rose even higher if a mother took a type of antidep...
Abuse of Prescription Painkillers, Stimulants Ups Sexual Risks for Teens
Abuse of Prescription Painkillers, Stimulants Ups Sexual Risks for Teens MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who use abuse prescription drugs such as narcotic painkillers are more likely to have sex or to participate in risky sexual behaviors, a new study suggests. These risky behaviors included having sex with multiple partners, using drugs or alcohol before having sex or having sex without the use of a condom, the research revealed. The study looked at a variety of prescription drugs that ...
Alecensa Approved for Lung Cancer Tied to Gene Mutation
Alecensa Approved for Lung Cancer Tied to Gene Mutation FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Alecensa (alectinib) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug administration to treat anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small cell lung cancer, the agency said Friday in a news release. This type of cancer often spreads to the brain. The pill is sanctioned for instances of worsening disease after patients take a standard therapy called Xalkori (crizotinib), or if they are unable to tolerate X...
Asthma Linked to Chronic Migraines in Some People
Asthma Linked to Chronic Migraines in Some People FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People with asthma may be more than twice as likely to develop chronic migraines as those without breathing troubles, a new study suggests. The research included about 4,500 Americans. At the start of the study in 2008, the study volunteers had fewer than 15 migraines a month. One year later, the researchers looked to see how many had chronic migraine -- 15 or more migraines a month. More than 5 percent of people...
A Newborn's Heart Attack Shows Heart Can Regrow, Recover
A Newborn's Heart Attack Shows Heart Can Regrow, Recover FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists who saved the life of a newborn after a massive heart attack say the case shows that the human heart can fully recover after suffering major damage. The heart attack suffered by the infant in the first hours of life was caused by a blockage in one of the heart's main blood vessels. "The baby's heart was severely damaged. Astonishingly, the baby recovered very quickly," study author Bernhard Haub...
After Concussion Symptoms Fade, Slowed Blood Flow in Brain May Persist
After Concussion Symptoms Fade, Slowed Blood Flow in Brain May Persist MONDAY, Nov. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Young football players who suffer a concussion can show signs of reduced blood flow in the brain, even after their symptoms have subsided, a new, preliminary study suggests. Using an advanced form of MRI, researchers found that concussed football players typically showed lower blood flow in the brain eight days after the injury. That was despite the fact that their symptoms had usually gone a...
Assessing Health Issues of Child Refugees
Assessing Health Issues of Child Refugees FRIDAY, Nov. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The main health problems of refugee children from Asia and Africa when they arrive in the United States are outlined in a new study. Based on screenings of more than 8,100 young refugees between 2006 and 2012, the top health concerns were hepatitis B, tuberculosis, parasitic worms, high blood lead levels and anemia, the study found. The refugees, all younger than 19, were from Bhutan, Myanmar, the Democratic Republic of ...
Advanced Ebola Is Riskiest Stage for Caregivers, Study Shows
Advanced Ebola Is Riskiest Stage for Caregivers, Study Shows WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of catching Ebola is highest among people who provide home care for patients in the late stages of the disease and those who prepare the bodies of victims for burial, a new study finds. The chances of Ebola transmission in the general community are low, according to the researchers at the University of East Anglia in England. Even living in the same home as an infected person does not pose ...
Anthrax Vaccine Approval Expanded
Anthrax Vaccine Approval Expanded TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for the BioThrax anthrax vaccine has been expanded to include adults aged 18 to 65 with known or suspected exposure, the agency said in a media release. The vaccine was first approved in 1970 for people at high risk of anthrax contact. Exposure to Bacillus anthracis bacteria, especially if inhaled, can cause death if not promptly treated. Anthrax is considered a potential bioterrorism ...
Adults With Heart Defects May Face Higher Risk of Stroke: Study
Adults With Heart Defects May Face Higher Risk of Stroke: Study TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adults who were born with heart defects are at increased risk for stroke, a new study finds. "We knew there was a connection between heart failure and stroke in patients with heart defects, but we were surprised to discover it was the strongest predictor," said senior study author Dr. Ariane Marelli, a professor of medicine at McGill University in Montreal. However, the study did not prove that hea...
Alzheimer's-Linked Brain Plaques May Also Slow Blood Flow
Alzheimer's-Linked Brain Plaques May Also Slow Blood Flow TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- They've long been associated with Alzheimer's disease, and now new research in animals suggests that protein plaques might slow the brain's blood flow, as well. Buildup of the amyloid beta protein clumps could harm the brain in multiple ways, according to a team from the University of Alabama at Birmingham. "We have increasingly become aware that the disruption of blood flow in the brain can increase the...
ADHD Medications Linked to Sleep Problems in Kids
ADHD Medications Linked to Sleep Problems in Kids MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The stimulant medications used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can keep some kids awake at night, a new research review confirms. The analysis, published online Nov. 23 in Pediatrics , found that children given stimulant medications for ADHD sometimes developed problems falling asleep and staying asleep. The medications -- which include drugs like Ritalin, Concerta and Adderall -- already...
Ah-Choo! Sneeze 'Cloud' Quickly Covers a Room, Study Finds
Ah-Choo! Sneeze 'Cloud' Quickly Covers a Room, Study Finds MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Just in time for cold and flu season, a new study finds the average human sneeze expels a high-velocity cloud that can contaminate a room in minutes. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) came to that conclusion by analyzing videos of two healthy people sneezing about 50 times over several days. It's well known that sneezes can spread infectious diseases such as measles or the fl...
Arsenic Exposure in Womb Linked to Respiratory Risks in Babies
Arsenic Exposure in Womb Linked to Respiratory Risks in Babies MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Babies exposed to high levels of arsenic in the womb are at increased risk for infections and respiratory symptoms in their first year of life, a new study suggests. Researchers measured levels of arsenic in 412 pregnant women in New Hampshire whose homes had private wells. For a year after their babies were born, the women were surveyed every four months about the number and severity of their childr...
Allergy and Asthma Sufferers Beware as Holiday Season Kicks In
Allergy and Asthma Sufferers Beware as Holiday Season Kicks In SATURDAY, Nov. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There are a number of steps people with allergies and asthma can take to deal with the challenges they may face over the holidays, an expert says. "Two-thirds of allergy sufferers have symptoms year-round, so it's not just a matter of the first freeze hitting and your symptoms disappearing," Dr. Bryan Martin, president of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), said in a col...
Alzheimer's-Linked Gene Tied to Brain Bleeds in Men: Study
Alzheimer's-Linked Gene Tied to Brain Bleeds in Men: Study TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Men who have the Alzheimer's disease-linked ApoE4 gene variant may have an increased risk for brain bleeds, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed brain scans of more than 1,100 people, ages 36 to 91, in the United States, Canada and Sweden. Some were healthy, some had mild thinking and memory problems, and some had Alzheimer's disease. Among participants with ApoE4 and mild cognitive impairment or ...
Angioplasty May Not Boost Survival for Some Heart Disease Patients
Angioplasty May Not Boost Survival for Some Heart Disease Patients WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Angioplasty -- the procedure used to open narrowed or blocked arteries -- doesn't seem to lengthen life for people with stable heart disease and chest pain, a new study finds. After 15 years of follow-up, the study found that people who had angioplasty fared no better than those who had their heart disease treated with medication and lifestyle changes alone. "[Angioplasty and] stenting is effe...
Acupuncture May Ease Neck Pain Over Long Term
Acupuncture May Ease Neck Pain Over Long Term TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Two alternative therapies -- acupuncture and the Alexander technique -- appear equally beneficial for the long-term relief of chronic neck pain, new research reports. Both therapies involve educating patients in ways to relieve stress, as well as improve posture and balance. These techniques appeared to help reduce neck pain in the 12 months following treatment compared with drugs and traditional physical therapy, th...
Anti-Smoking Programs May Sometimes Backfire
Anti-Smoking Programs May Sometimes Backfire TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Programs that stigmatize smoking can backfire. That's the conclusion of new research that found that, while portraying smoking as socially unacceptable can persuade some smokers to quit, it can make others angry and defensive and harm their self-esteem, making it harder to quit. To reach that conclusion, the researchers reviewed nearly 600 studies. In one study, 27 percent of smokers felt they were treated differently...
Antibiotics May Not Help After 'Complicated' Appendectomy
Antibiotics May Not Help After 'Complicated' Appendectomy MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotics may not reduce the risk of infections in patients who undergo what's known as a "complicated" appendix removal, a new study finds. "The traditional teaching is that all patients with complicated appendicitis receive post-operative antibiotics to reduce the risk of wound infection or deep organ space infection," study lead author Dennis Kim, of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, expl...
Antibiotic Resistance Could Threaten Surgery, Chemo Patients
Antibiotic Resistance Could Threaten Surgery, Chemo Patients THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More people will die from common surgical procedures and cancer treatments if dangerous bacteria continue to develop resistance to widely used antibiotics, a new study warns. Patients rely on antibiotics to protect them from potentially deadly infections after undergoing chemotherapy, pacemaker implantation, cesarean sections or countless other medical procedures, said study senior author Ramanan Lax...
Artificial Skin Could Bring Sense of Touch to Prosthetics
Artificial Skin Could Bring Sense of Touch to Prosthetics THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In a step toward giving prosthetic limbs a sense of touch, scientists have developed an artificial skin that can "feel" pressure and send those signals to brain cells. Reporting in the Oct. 16 issue of Science , researchers say the plastic skin mimics the ability of human skin to tell the difference between a firm handshake and the dead-fish variety. It can then transmit that information to cells of the...
Anti-Smoking Drug Chantix May Help Women Sooner Than Men
Anti-Smoking Drug Chantix May Help Women Sooner Than Men TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An effective prescription drug used to help people quit smoking initially helps women more than men, new research suggests. The study, from Yale School of Medicine, found that Chantix (varenicline) helped women more than men for the first year of treatment. After a year, however, the anti-smoking medication worked equally well for both men and women. "Studies show that women have a harder time quitting sm...
Americans Concerned About Prescription Painkiller Addiction
Americans Concerned About Prescription Painkiller Addiction MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Most Americans are concerned about the abuse of narcotic painkillers, despite widespread use of these legal medications, new research suggests. About one in four Americans reported taking a prescription painkiller -- such as hydrocodone (Vicodin) or oxycodone (Percocet, Oxycontin) -- within the past year, the study said. Around 70 percent of Americans said they've been prescribed narcotic painkillers at...
Americans Spend More on Health Care, But Fare Worse: Report
Americans Spend More on Health Care, But Fare Worse: Report THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new global report shows that money doesn't buy everything when it comes to health care in the United States. When compared to 12 other industrialized nations, Americans shelled out the most cash on health care services, but they fared worst in terms of life expectancy, according to the Commonwealth Fund findings. "Time and again, we see evidence that the amount of money we spend on health care in thi...
Aristada Approved for Schizophrenia
Aristada Approved for Schizophrenia TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Aristada (aripiprazole lauroxil) extended release injection has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat the disabling brain disorder schizophrenia, the agency said Tuesday in a news release. Schizophrenia, affecting about one percent of Americans, typically has symptoms including hearing voices that aren't real, believing other people are controlling one's mind or thoughts, and paranoia. Symptoms are co...
As HIV Patients Live Longer, Certain Cancer Risks Rise: Study
As HIV Patients Live Longer, Certain Cancer Risks Rise: Study MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Antiretroviral therapy has extended the lives of people with HIV, but living longer may increase these patients' risk for certain cancers. A study of nearly 90,000 HIV patients revealed a rise in three types of cancer as the AIDS-causing virus has evolved from a probable death sentence into a manageable chronic condition. "We found that the risk of some cancers, such as anal, colorectal and liver cance...
Abused Women Struggle With More Severe Menopause Symptoms: Study
Abused Women Struggle With More Severe Menopause Symptoms: Study WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Older women who suffer abuse may have more severe menopause symptoms, a new Mayo Clinic study suggests. In particular, researchers found a strong correlation with verbal and emotional abuse and menopause-related problems. The study included more than 3,700 women who provided information about symptoms they experienced when their monthly periods ended. These included hot flashes and night sweats...
Added Calcium May Not Help Older Bones: Studies
Added Calcium May Not Help Older Bones: Studies TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Extra calcium may not protect your aging bones after all. New Zealand researchers who analyzed more than 100 previous investigations say guidelines advising seniors to consume at least 1,000 to 1,200 milligrams of calcium a day are misplaced. No proof was found that boosting calcium intake beyond normal dietary levels strengthens older bones or prevents fractures, said researcher Dr. Mark Bolland. "We've gathered...
Antitissue Transglutaminase Antibody
Anti-tissue Transglutaminase Antibody Does this test have other names? IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase, IgA Anti-tTG, celiac disease testing What is this test? This test is used to see if you have celiac disease. It is also used to see how well people with the condition are doing. It is one of several blood tests that may be used to help diagnose celiac disease. Tissue transglutaminase is an enzyme that fixes damage in your body. People with celiac disease often make antibodies that attack this enzyme....
Antithrombin (Activity and Antigen)
Antithrombin (Activity and Antigen) Does this test have other names? Functional antithrombin III, functional AT, AT activity What are these tests? The antithrombin activity and antigen tests are used to help find out what may be causing abnormal blood clots in your body. A blood clot (thrombus) can be good or bad, depending on the case. Your body needs to be able to form blood clots in order to stop too much bleeding in case of injury. But it's important to prevent abnormal clots that cut off blood flow...
Antiphospholipid Antibody Does this test have other names? APA, lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies What is this test? This blood test checks for antiphospholipid antibodies. These may be found in people with abnormal blood clots or autoimmune diseases. Your immune system usually creates antibodies in response to an infection or foreign invaders like bacteria. Antiphospholipid antibodies are usually made when your immune system mistakes part of your own body for a harmful substance. In this ...
Antinuclear Antibody Does this test have other names? ANA, fluorescent antinuclear antibody test, FANA What is this test? This blood test is done to help your health care provider find out if you have an autoimmune disease. Your immune system is your body's defense system. It protects you against foreign invaders like viruses and bacteria. In some cases, your immune system can become confused. It can think that normal cells in your body are foreign invaders. When that happens, your body can make protein...
Antimyocardial Antibody Does this test have other names? AMA, anti-cardiac muscle antibody What is this test? This test measures how many antimyocardial antibodies (AMAs) are in your blood. AMAs are a sign of heart damage. Higher levels are linked to several forms of heart disease. They can be found in the blood before you have any symptoms of heart disease. Why do I need this test? Some people develop AMAs after heart surgery or a heart attack. Having these antibodies can be a sign of pericarditis, or ...
Antimitochondrial Antibody and Antimitochondrial M2 Antibody
Antimitochondrial Antibody and Antimitochondrial M2 Antibody Does this test have other names? AMA, mitochondrial antibody, antimitochondrial M2 antibody What is this test? This test looks for substances called antimitochondrial antibody and antimitochondrial M2 antibody in your blood. These substances are usually made by your body if you have a condition called primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). PBC is the most common autoimmune disease that affects the liver. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system att...
Antidiuretic Hormone Does this test have other names? Vasopressin, arginine vasopressin, ADH What is this test? This test measures how much antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is in your blood. ADH is made by your hypothalamus. ADH keeps the amount of water in your body in balance. Certain conditions can affect the amount of ADH that your body makes. These include hyponatremia, or low sodium levels in your bodily fluids. They also include diabetes insipidus. Symptoms of this condition include urinating often and...
Anion Gap (Blood)
Anion Gap (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum anion gap What is this test? This test looks at electrically charged particles in your blood. This helps your health care provider diagnose acid-base problems. The test results are done from the results of an electrolyte panel, another blood test. Your blood contains sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate. All of these are charged particles. The value for the anion gap tells your health care provider something about which other charged particles must b...
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Blood)
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum angiotensin converting enzyme, SACE What is this test? This test measures how much angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is in your blood. Your ACE levels may be higher if you have a condition called sarcoidosis. In sarcoidosis, small abnormal knots of immune cells called granulomas form in various parts of the body. The most common place is in the lungs. These knots of cells may cause health problems. Granulomas can also form in...
Anaerobic Culture Does this test have other names? Wound culture What is this test? This test looks for certain bacteria in a wound or an infection in a fluid sample. These bacteria are called anaerobic because they don't need oxygen to grow. Infections caused by anaerobic bacteria can occur almost anywhere in your body. These may be oral infections, lung infections, diabetes-related foot infections, infected bites, and gangrene. Finding the specific bacteria that's causing your infection helps your hea...
Amylase (Urine) Does this test have other names? Amylase What is this test? This test measures how much of the enzyme amylase is in your urine. About 40% of the amylase in your body is made by your pancreas. The rest comes from your salivary glands. This test is used to find out whether your pancreas or your salivary glands are swollen. Your amylase levels are usually higher than normal if you have a problem with your pancreas. High levels can also be caused by an infection, cancer, or even alcohol or m...
Amylase (Blood) Does this test have other names? Serum amylase What is this test? This test measures the level of the enzyme amylase in your blood. About 40% of the amylase in your body is made by your pancreas. The rest comes from your salivary glands. This test is used to find out whether your pancreas or your salivary glands are swollen. If you have a pancreatic disorder, your amylase levels are usually higher than normal. High levels can also be caused by an infection, cancer, or even alcohol or med...
Amphetamine Screen (Urine)
Amphetamine Screen (Urine) Does this test have other names? Drug test, AMP, toxicology urine screen What is this test? This test looks for amphetamine in your urine. Amphetamine is a drug that stimulates your central nervous system. It can show up in your urine long after you've taken it. Amphetamines include methamphetamine (meth) and phentermine. Amphetamine is a commonly used street drug. It makes users feel very alert and have lots of energy. Stimulants like amphetamine and methamphetamine can also ...
Amphetamine Screen (Blood)
Amphetamine Screen (Blood) Does this test have other names? Amphetamine concentrations screen (blood), amphetamine screen (blood) What is this test? This test measures the amount of a drug called amphetamine in your blood. This drug is a central nervous system stimulant. This group of drugs also includes methamphetamine, or "meth." The test is most commonly used to screen for drug abuse. It's often required by the court system and some workplaces. If you show symptoms of an amphetamine overdose, such as...
Ammonia Does this test have other names? Blood ammonia test, NH3 What is this test? This test checks the level of ammonia in your blood. The test helps find out why you may have changes in consciousness and also helps diagnose a liver disease called hepatic encephalopathy. This disease affects how your brain works, because of excess toxins, or poisons, in your body. Your liver may not work properly if you have high levels of ammonia in your blood. Ammonia is a chemical made by bacteria in your intestine...
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Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.